Overround Calculator Betting Percentages

How to DD Biopharma and Not Fuck Up

Earnings only come 4 times per year, and most little biotechs don't have any anyway. Problem is, guys like us, we need to lose money to big news at least twice as often. The solution: pharma stocks, where you also get clinical trial read outs, patent litigation, and PDUFA dates on the ol' catalyst calendar. Ready to learn how? For the purpose of annoying all you options traders, I'm going to write this from the perspective of someone going long the equity of a small to mid-cap. Plenty of DD already out there on Abbott and J&J.
Step 1. Cash matters. Stay the fuck away from anything development stage with a market cap under $150 million. Unless you are YOLO-ing a hundred bucks or whatever, the only thing these plays will do is disappoint you worse than you disappoint your dad. Pharmaceutical research takes hundreds of millions of dollars to bring one small molecule from pre-clinical to market under ideal circumstances. A fucking rat carcinogenicity study can run $8 mil and 3 years. Under-capitalized companies with anything besides stud assets don't get bought, they raise and dilute and rinse and repeat, because there is always dumb money out there willing to bet on the 26th attempt to cure alzheimer's by hitting amyloid, or the next me-too formulation of methylphenidate (now in a pez dispenser!) to treat ADHD. Any dipstick with $15m in capital can get listed on the NASDAQ. I've met a lot of them. Don't give them your money. Look at the clinical development success rates by therapeutic area, published by BIO (warning: PDF). Make sure your model discounts back to whatever phase your target's lead candidate is in.
Step 2. Look at the actual patents. The database is free, and reading is easy. You're not looking to do a full FTO analysis here, just see that they actually have some claims that aren't total bullshit. Search the company name in "assignee name" then search all the names of the inventors you see listed to make sure they've actually assigned the patents to your target, and that the patents actually cover the drug they're talking about in their press releases. You'd be amazed that sometimes they don't. Check the date of filing/acceptance. If it's still preclinical but has burned ten years of patent life, walk away.
There are four kinds of patents that matter to pharmaceuticals:
  1. Composition of matter - you'll recognize this because the claims will say things like, "compositions of...." and "a compound containing XXXX or pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof". These are the only un-fuck-withable patents you get.
  2. Formulation - this means the molecule is not novel, but the pill, patch, liquid, or suppository is. These can be fine, or they can be sketchy. You need to evaluate the underlying technology. Has it been used before in other drugs? Were there Paragraph IV filings on them? Was the company that licensed this technology to my darling DD target sued along with the manufacturer of that other drug? Any one of these can trip you up. Look for solid technology that hasn't cracked under a lawsuit yet.
  3. Method of use - these patents limit the use of the compound to a specific disease like autism. These are easier to work around, but better than nothing since they give the company a heads-up that generics may be coming (remember that paragraph IV thing I mentioned? It means that the generic makers have to file a lawsuit, followed by an automatic 30-month stay on launching their knock-off.) If all your target has is methods of use, tread cautiously.
  4. Method of manufacture - these are worthless.
  5. Other kinds of regulatory exclusivity. Yeah I said 4. This is different, but can still matter. Deal. Orphan Drug (7 years), New Chemical Entity (5 years), QIDP (5 years but just applies to antibiotics, which don't make money), Rare Pediatric Disease (accelerated review voucher, worth $50-100m if sold), Clinical Trial Data (3 years)
Step 3. Look at the epidemiology - If your target company has the cure for some ultra-weird orphan disease, so what? Is there a patient registry? An advocacy group full of sad moms? A celebrity that has it? Are there academic centers treating the population currently? If not how the hell are they supposed to find the patients to charge their insurers $1m a head for this miracle cure? Also, holy goddamn, $1m a head? Is management prepared to get hauled in front of Congress to wither under national media scrutiny for weeks on end because people don't understand that nobody would develop drugs for a disease with 500 patients if they didn't make money? Pray they get bought by Alexion or move along.
If it's not an orphan disease, what are the insurers going to pay for it? New antibiotics, for example, are worthless commercial investments, because hospitals will reserve them for the absolute worst-case, dumpster fire, probably going to die anyway patients and give everyone else a z-pack or generic iv rocephin all day long. Find out what the cheapest thing to treat your target company's disease of choice is and then scour the conference call transcripts for how in the name of bleeding Jesus they're going to get those tight-fisted bastards at United Health and Blue Cross to pay for it. Gross-to-Net deductions of 50% are the low end of normal now that there are 2-3 wholesalers and maybe ten insurers that matter nationally. Make sure you're discounting your projected cash flows appropriately.
Step 4. Now, and only now, do you even bother to see what the rest of the company looks like. Are they in Phase 2? Data reading out this year? Great. A phase 3 trial costs at minimum, $10,000 per patient per week. Double that if it's an inpatient study, or being done against an expensive standard of care (like in cancer, where you can't use placebo because ethics.) Companies will often not tell you what these trials will cost, but you can find out. Look at the current market leading drug's label here and find section 14 (Clinical Trials Experience). This will tell you the number of patients and how long the study ran. Regulatory affairs people like precedents, as does the FDA, so it's a good bet that your target's Phase three trials will look a lot like this. Do the multiplication, and decide if that number plus their burn rate of the past 24 months less R&D expense is > cash on hand.
Step 5. The Target Product Profile. Odds are, your prospective acquisition has talked up the benefits of their darling compound, and completely downplayed the side effects. Look at the available clinical trial results with a jaundiced eye. Pharma reps, when visiting doctors tend to show them an i-pad and say, big bar good, little bar bad and leave it there. Because they're also buying lunch for the office and wearing a low-cut top, the 'scripts get written. We aren't going to fall for that though, are we? Was there a dose-proportional response in their target efficacy endpoint? Was the p value at the 5th decimal place, or did they barely squeak by at p= 0.0499? What about the discontinuation rate? How does it compare to the current standard of care? All this feeds back to the number one question analysts should be asking management; "How will you get insurers to pay for this?" If there's not a clear separation on efficacy versus the prior standard, or a reduction by at least 50% in a really gnarly side effect, expect the commercial launch to be a slog.
Step 6. The pipeline. Is your target going to continue to exist after Phase 3 is over, or is their plan to get bought? Look at management. Is there anyone with commercial experience on the executive team? Is there a head of sales? Marketing? Look for clues as to whether they're really cut out for this. Did big pharma (Pfizer or Genentech) license something deeper down in their pipeline, back at Phase 1 or before? That means multiple someones with budgets in the billions, access to a diligence database full of every document about the compound, and had the company's management on speed dial for months... passed on buying the thing that's in Phase 2/3 now.
Step 7. The exit. Let's say all this has lined up, and you've found a company that's got the goods, with solid data in a real market, ironclad patents, enough capital to cover the next 23 months, and a share price that's not yet north of 200x projected earnings. (Even still, do not let this little bastard become more than 10% of your overall sector exposure.) What's your exit catalyst? If you're betting on an acquisition, look at the big boys in that therapeutic area and see whether there are any where this drug actually fits. Just because Roche or Ferring has "women's health" drugs, does not mean they're going to buy Sprout. The former are in reproductive endocrinology (maybe 2,000 doctors) and the latter has a lead asset in sexual dysfunction ( that's primary care, psychiatry, and OB-GYN, 250,000 doctors at the low end.) Roche isn't going to build that sales force. Is there actually a strategic acquirer or licensee that makes sense?
If not, is there anyone on your target's management team who has commercialized drugs before? Is there a sales & marketing staff? If not, is there the cash on hand to create or rent one? If you know these things before you click "buy" you might just not fuck up.
submitted by Hired-Sellout to wallstreetbets [link] [comments]

Thread posting my trades with basic explanation for any novices...feel free to ask questions.

Thread posting my trades with basic explanation for any novices...feel free to ask questions.
5/18/20: Update: I've been super sick for a week and half and basically been borderline functional. I'll try and update this and how I managed these trades in the next couple days.
__________________________________________________________ 5/6:
Today's trades: The usual, selling outside the money calls and puts. However, slightly riskier with some expiring in 9 days. Just the way the timing worked out. Still looking at PTON and a few others.
https://preview.redd.it/4hw5sul7t6x41.png?width=546&format=png&auto=webp&s=db31fe5a336c02c6a3bc1100ede50012d006f38d
Just over $2,200k in profits in closed trades since starting this last week, and several trades still open.
Closed DIS for $217 profitClosed GM for $75 profitClosed WING for $178 profitClosed SHOP for $400 profitClosed ATVI for $100 profitClosed AMZN for $360 profitClose CLX for $200 profit
Still open
TRIP: Currently $15 profitX: Currently $20 profitMCD: Currently $60 profitC: Currently $30 profitLUV: Currently down $159
I'm "defending" my LUV trade by "rolling it out" to June and also selling a May call. Specifically, by roll out I mean I buy to close the current LUV put and then sell to open June 19 put at the same strake (at the same time). I'm also selling a call at the same strike (27.5) with the expiration (June 19). This creates a "short straddle". Received $430 credit.
More earnings trades later today. And you if you haven't figured it out yet, I'll be selling calls and puts. If I have a slightly bullish stance (ie. think the stock will go up) I usually sell two puts and one call. If I have a slightly bearish stance (ie. think stock will go down) I sell two calls and one put.
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5/5:
Earnings trades:
https://preview.redd.it/zcjg1w2w30x41.png?width=669&format=png&auto=webp&s=c41f1b388e98d8b99b8d0190f7df6f1419baf73b
Another busy day, but I'll get to question soon.
Closed half of SHOP (the call credit spread, aka closing both calls) for about $0 (i think actually $5+).Leaving the puts (the sold put and the bought put) going into earnings. This is now a put credit spread (bullish trade). Same thing with AMZN.
LUV naked put is now in the money, which is fine (like I said I don't mind buying 100 shares if I get assigned). If IV (aka volatility) goes up a little I will probably sell a call.
IV has gone down in many underylings (stocks) and the job report comes out friday so I may close a lot of positions before the end of the week.IV dropped a ton in MSFT and TWTR:Closed MSFT (bought to close the call and put) for $150 profit (74% profit)Closed TWTR (bought to close call and put) for $80 (64% profit)
New trades:*Beginner trade: I think CLX will keep going up and CLX IV rank is 28-ish. A year ago this would be high IV, but in this market it could be debated if this is high or low. However, I think IV will go up again in the future in CLX. Thus, I bought a call. However, I rarely if ever just buy a call. I also sell a call. This creates a call debit spread. Research indicates this is strategy has a higher probability of profit, and research also indicates the most profitable call debit spread is to buy the (approximately) 60 delta call and sell the 40 delta call approximately 45 days out. Also, it costs less than buying a call. Here was the trade:
https://preview.redd.it/azbrtepknzw41.png?width=481&format=png&auto=webp&s=f290809934c05c24c11f5d7cf8948e867cfb6e23
If i had just bought the 195 strike, june 19 call it would have cost $960. This trade cost me $635.
Other trades (I actually made this yesterday and closed it today because IV dropped and I made 50% profit, just didn't have time to post it yesterday):
For $60 credit
I'm going to look at earnings trades later today (for companies announcing earnings throughout the week) and will post those. Looking at the ones with the highest IV like PTON, ATVI, GM, BUD, ETSY, BYND.
Might do a YOLO play as well. I typically reserve 5% of my account for YOLO trades just for fun.
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5/4:Crazy couple days with work, but I'll try and get to everyone's questions later today.
Notes/thoughts from over the weekend: I love Tesla and think long term they are the future. However, those who saw my comments below or were on discord saw my comments about Tesla (TSLA). New people love to trade "sexy" companies like Tesla. ...But you never know what Elon is going to say and the swings in price are very unpredictable. This is why I avoided TSLA and typically avoid companies like TSLA.
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5/1:
**Trade:**AMZN 1 15-May 2120 put (bought put)
\-1 15-May 2130 put (sold put) \-1 15-May 2500 call (sold call) 1 15-May 2510 call (bought call) 
Cost: Received $265
DTE: 14 days (which is about as short as I go). 45 daysish out required to much "buying power" (ie. them holding to much of money as sort of collateral that I then couldn't trade with).
Strike prices: TLDR: I wanted to sell options in AMZN because vol is high, but AMZN share price makes that to risky of a trade (very high $$ potential loss). I limited potential loss (and also some of the credit aka $ I received) by also buying options.Longer: Based on delta. Sold the 20 delta put and sold the 15 delta call. This is a slightly bullish trade. Generally speaking a 16 delta call or put is 1 standard deviation out. I will explain this later. But I considered doing selling a 16 delta call and a 16 delta put. However, I think the stock might go up so I slightly shifted the strike prices to a more bullish trade by moving the put up to the 20 delta put (higher strike price) and the sold call to the 15 delta (higher strike price). However, have a naked call (ie sold call) and a naked put (ie sold put) in a $2300 stock is to risky for me (and not allowed in my small account for Reddit) because if the trade goes against me (ie. goes really really bad) I could be required to sell 100 shares of AMZN at 2500 if AMZN goes and stays above 2500 or sell 100 shares of amazon at 2130 if goes and stays below 2130 (and I don't have any amazon shares). So I bought the put at the next lowest strike and bought the call at the next highest strike. Max loss now is around $700.
Intermediate level explanation: I thought about doing a strangle but did an iron condor instead to reduce risk.
Why this strategy: I noticed AMZN volatility was still high after earnings (which is not common). I expect volatility to come down over the weekend. The ideal scenario for this trade would be that vol drops to 0 and the stock price stays the exact same.
What helps me in this trade: Time (ie. every day that passes), decreased volatility or no change in volatility, AMZN stock price staying between 2130 and 2500.
What hurts me: Increase in vol, stock price going above 2500 or below 2130.
Probability of profit if hold this to expiration: ~65%
Trade hack: If you are selling a call or put you can estimate the chance of profit by subtracting the delta of the call or put from 100. Example, selling the 20 delta put has an 80% chance of making a profit.
Note: Sometimes delta is in decimal form (ie. 0.2 instead of 20) or negative for puts (ex. -.2).
For those that are interested in a more advanced (mathematically) explanation of how "expected move" of a stock/underlying, here is a good video
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4/30:
I'm terrible with technology. If anyone wants to help with editing videos DM me. In exchange I'll give you some of the Reddit gold kind strangers gave me!
Power just went out in Philly, sorry to those on the live stream. I need to double check some things are work are fine with the brief power outage. Livestream to resume at 3:30. Sorry all.
Since I have a quick break at 3pm EST today I will be streaming live here. Numerous people have asked, "Should I buy a call in XYZ". Specifically, I will explain why i'm not going to buy a call in X (literally the US Steel, X) even though I think it's going up, and explain the trade I am going to do instead.
Trades i'm considering for today:
UUL earnings tradeAAPL earnings tradeAMZN earnings trade (maybe, have the same concern I did with TSLA)Visa earnings trade (maybe)Short position in RLLong position in X (steel)Still look for longer term oil (or related to oil) trade:
Previous trade updates:
Closed FB for $450 profit. All other trades still open. I SOLD calls and put in all trades so time is in my favor. Thus, now I wait.Current profit/loss since opening:
https://preview.redd.it/pc8d0158kzv41.png?width=247&format=png&auto=webp&s=f39484805b3a50387f11fc25c04d3d331a170a82
To people asking me if they should buy options and don't understand selling options (or why I'm selling options) here is a good video to start with (fast forward to 1:50).
Yesterday and today I am fairly busy with work, but I'll get to everyone's questions go over yesterdays trades. Now that my tech naive self finally figure out streaming and uploading YouTube videos I may answer questions and go over trades there. I'll post a link here if I do.
If you have a specific question (or comment) about a video it might be easier just to comment in the YouTube comments.
Also, if people are interested I can try and do a live stream this afternoon, just let me know. Related to videos, if someone wants to make me a super cheesy YouTube thumbnail I'll happily use it. ...i've never been able to tell if 'influencers' and who not make those as a joke or seriously...
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4/29:
Today's trades:
Details coming soon but all similar reasoning to the TWTR.
https://preview.redd.it/nhwyf1738tv41.png?width=481&format=png&auto=webp&s=505be81e17e4127b384d010c960f7b46f6326916
Video of TWTR trade with reasoning and thought process here.
Not going to live stream today, but can tomorrow if there is interest.
Potential trades I'm looking at today:
-MCD earnings-MSFT earnings-Create synthetic stock position in an oil company (or company related to oil)-Short XBI (biotech ETF) position-TSLA (maybe)-SPX (maybe)
Current trades (approximately):
LUV +$30SHOP +$140C -$45 - I need C stock to stay between 35 and 55. It gone up since i opened the position and is now at 49. I'm watching this one (I set alerts so I don't have to literally watch), but if it C stock hits 55 I'll make an adjustment. Specifically, I'll "roll up" the sold put. Meaning that I sold a put with strike price of 35. If C hits 55 ill buy to close that put and sell to open a new put with a higher strike price.
General advice after talking to some people who work for me: If you don't have a ROTH IRA and you are eligible to open one, you should do that ASAP. Even if you only have $100 to put in it. Happy to explain why if you want. Eligibility is based on a couple things (students loans, annual income, marital status, etc.) but if you are single will make under $124k in 2020 or married and will make under (combined) $196k you are definitely eligible.
I opened a new account with $5,000 to show how I would (and will) make trades in a smaller account. I realize some of the trades I posted here are a little complicated, so I'll definitely make some basic trades and post those. Also, I know the livestream had some technical issues and in retrospect some of the things I talked about were more complicated than I had planned, but I'm happy to do another one and answer questions or actually make trades.
I'll also keep track of profits/losses, mainly because I feel like there are a lot of scammers out there who try and sell all sorts of stuff that falsify trades and profits_______________________________
Live stream will be at 3:00 pm (EST) here. No set plan, so come and ask any questions. Especially very entry level or beginner questions.
Update for 4/28
Updated Discord link here
Thoughts: All trades from yesterday appear to be profitable (or will likely be profitable outside of some crazy event). Meaning that I'm not going to do anything with those trades (ie. I'm not adjusting them). A mistake I made when I was younger (that typically led to losing money) was constantly tinkering with trades. But all of my trades have time to their advantage, so now I just wait.
I had a request on discord to do some more simple trades. I have to do some work to do during the day today (and everyday) but will take a break at 3:00pm to stream live where I will demonstrate some trades and answer questions. I will post the link here and discord. To the people that I asked, I use the TastyWorks platform and will give examples on there. I have no affiliation with them, but if you are going to download it you can use my referall and I think you get something free (link here).
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4/27
3:15 pm. That might be all my trades for today. Since I trade mainly based on mechanics and odds of potential profit it doesn't take me much time to find/place the trades. Plus I have real work I do most of the day, trading is just a nice break. But I am looking at a few more trades before close. I'll update if I make them.
Earnings trades:
LUV naked put:
Sold the May 18th put with strike price 27
Cost: $95 credit.
Strike price and DTE: I'll explain in the why this strategy part.
Why this strategy: To extremely and way overly simplify...in general there is more money to be made by selling puts vs selling calls for reasons that don't really matter at this point. But you can basically thing about it like a put costs more than a call. So when you sell a put, you get more credit ($) than selling a call.
"Hey mbhudson1, you sold a naked put in an airline? Isn't that a bullish trade meaning that you think the price of the stock will go up after earnings?! You realize nobody is flying right now, right?"
Another good question person that doesn't exist.
In this circumstance I'm using an interesting strategy that not a lot of beginners typically know about. In the long run I don't think airlines are going out of business, especially LUV. At some point I plan on buying stock in LUV. Ideally I would buy at the bottom of the market, just like everyone else wants to do. However, nobody can predict the bottom. So what i'm doing is selling a put with the full expectation that this might expire in the money and I get assigned 100 shares of stock. This is almost always how I buy stock because it's sort of a win-win.
Scenarios: LUV stock goes up: I keep the $95 LUV stock stays the same: I keep the $95LUV stock goes down a little: I keep the $95LUV stock goes below 27 (and is below 27 on May 15): I now own 100 shares of LUV....and I keep the $95.
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C (Citigroup) strangle

https://preview.redd.it/bdpdqwxtmev41.png?width=401&format=png&auto=webp&s=2923b30ea8dee436c113bf0bcfa27a83e0daa7f3
Also not a beginner trade, but you could turn this into an iron condor.
Cost: Received $170 credit
DTE: I could have done this for a shorter DTE since it's an earnings play, but 53 days out is much less risky for naked options.
Strike prices: Picked strike prices that are outside how far the stock price is estimated to move after the earnings announcement. This can be estimated several ways, but I just went with closest call and put to 15 delta (which is around 1 standard deviation out). I could have gone even farther out on the strike prices (ie. higher call strike and lower put strike) to be less risky, but there is very limited profit potential in a lower priced stock (lower compared to something like SHOP) when you get out to 5 and 10 delta options.
Why this strategy: Volatility almost always goes down after an earnings announcement. Instead of trying to bet on which way the stock price will go on the earnings announcement, I'm essentially just betting that it won't go below 35 or above 55.
Other strategies here: I considered a ratio spread (which I can explain to beginners later) and also just considered selling a put.
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This is not a beginner trade FYI. I'll let you know when I do what I consider beginner trades.
Iron condor in SHOP
https://preview.redd.it/xyai5w26fev41.png?width=401&format=png&auto=webp&s=86c5ac485abeb2570ac7a293a79e583389c87dc5
FYI: In case you don't know -1 means it's a sold options contract +1 means i bought a contract.
Cost: I received $605 credit for this trade. This does require a lot of buying power (ie. collateral).
Days to expiration (DTE): I do most options trades around 40-55 DTE. I'll explain why later.
Strike prices: I like to sell calls and puts out of the money. Specially I like to use what is referred to as delta to determine which strike prices to sell. Typically I sell 10 delta calls and 5 delta puts. It might sound complicated but the delta is given in many trading platforms (here is an example on Tasty Works: https://ibb.co/ThkKqnM).
"Hey mbhudson1, you said you like to sell calls and puts and that -1 means it's a sold options contract. Why are there also bought options in your trade?". Good question person that doesn't exist. Selling a call and put in SHOP (which is called a strangle) is to risky for me. Selling an option alone is called a naked option. Naked options have a lot more risk (technically unlimited potential risk). By buying a call at a strike price higher than the sold call and by buying a put at a strike lower than the sold put I have made this a "defined risk" trade. I do sell naked options many times, but typically not if the underlying (ie stock) price is in the triple digits. A lot of big time options traders lost a lot of money on naked calls in TSLA back in Feb.
Why this strategy: I'm betting on volatility dropping here. SHOP currently has relatively high volatility. I can tell that by looking at the implied volatility rank which on an overly simplified level is where the volatility ranks today vs days in the past. Right now it's at 67%.
Also, time is to my advantage here. If nothing else changes (volatility, price of SHOP stock, etc.) every day that goes by I make money.
Plan moving forward on this trade: If I make 50% profit I will close this trade. To close this trade I would buy the 930 call and buy the 385 put while selling the 960 call and selling the 300 put. If the trade "goes against me", I will defend it but will wait until that happens to explain it.
Summary of this trade: I try and use as many things as possible to my advantage. In this trade time is to my advantage, decrease (or no change) in volatility is to my advantage, and changes in SHOP price don't really effect anything (unless they are massive like to 930 or 385). When you hear people at wallstreetbets complaining about how everyday their calls or puts are decreasing in value...i'm one of the people on the other end of those trades.

submitted by mbhudson1 to options [link] [comments]

$ACED, a VERY detailed review.

Conducted by ANON A review on what to expect from this up and coming project
Can be found on coingecko.
Within this post/document it will cover what $ACED & AceD as a whole is, what to expect, and questions you guys have asked alongside information on the current online gambling statistics for the world, especially sports betting.
> The reason I have gone to this effort is because I have never seen such a low MC project have so much potential, this is unironically a gem. I truly hope you all see the value in this. LONG READ.
What is $ACED and Acedbet.io?
> 500k MC at this current time of posting
> Ethereum-based Token Tokenomics, Symbol: $ACED, Decimals: 18, Type: ERC-20 Token, Total Supply: 200 Million AceD, Circulating supply: 190 Million AceD
> This IS A FULLY WORKING RPODUCT. They advertise: Multi Crypto, Sports & Esports, Fair Odds, and Full Anonymity for all betters.
> AceD bases its fundamentals in providing an alternative to existing centralized systems through the blockchain. Other than most cryptocurrencies that just provide anonymity, AceD plans on developing a privacy-orientated platform where the possibilities are endless. AceD’s mission is to provide online world class entertainment options while providing a secure and private platform.
> Multi Crypto Sportsbook, AceDBets, is a newly launched sportsbook that aims to provide a superior user experience. Custom-designed from the ground up, AceDBets combines a smooth, streamlined interface with social features that enable interactions with fellow cappers.
> “Our goal is to develop an appealing product that betters can enjoy, fair betting experience with 0 downtime. Place a bet from anywhere in the world, totally anon compatible on any device. Demand will increase with improvements. Poker will also be a major driver.”
What the original AceD and the recent move to being a ERC-20 Token? why it happened:
> “AceD started out in June 2018 as a POS/Masternode coin. We decided to swap to ethereum chain in June 2020. Some bad characters were exploiting the chain stealing masternode rewards and selling them on exchange. Updates were too costly with centralized exchanges so the move to ethereum chain was the direction we agreed on. So basically, the main reason why we moved to Ethereum chain is to focus on product development and not worry about blockchain issues. We have Vitalik looking after our chain, no need to develop a blockchain ourselves.”
Did any tokens get lost?
> I asked about this and they said the 200million listed on etherscan is the full amount. Investors initially assumed that tokens were lost originally with the swap, but that is not the case.
The major thing a lot of you guys wanted to know about were the Team, Whitepapers and Roadmaps:
> “Expect team info to be available within the new couple days. Whitepaper draft has already started alongside roadmap, expect publishment within 2 weeks or so.”
> “We also plan to hire more staffing to fill the downtime as our userbase is increasing rapidly need to adapt with demand Over 1200 users signed up total. The total amount of team members we have is 10 (6 developers).”
I asked about bingo not working after being advertised as working, got a nice response, good to see priorities being taken care of:
> “Bingo has been taken offline temporarily; we’ll revisit the product as it requires some attention. AceDbets.io/sports betting is our primary focus right now.”
Considering live sports betting is the only thing running at the moment, what is the current daily, weekly, total wagered through you guys, how do the tokens get redistributed?
> “We shared a chart showing steady growth in bets over the past 3 months. Betting volume is out the roof this month, NBA resumes next week expecting even bigger volumes to roll in with major sports resuming. July numbers will be shared in 3-4 days. Currently there is no dividends model for users, the bankroll profits help fund development and future marketing goals.”
I find that last part interesting, could potentially be implemented as a system to reward staking if it were introduced. Hmm.


ACED and their future. What they plan on doing with Acedbet.io and their product as a whole.
What is there to look forward to in the next upcoming update, Any set time release? (This is in relation to the website and the extra features they plan to add to their sports betting. I have seen a lot of people comment on it.)
> “No firm date for the update, however we’re in the final stages of testing. It is a massive update for our platform need to ensure everything is down right and functional before we make the transition. Always room for improvement, the new update has many changes which will improve the user experience. We will continue to make changes, always listening to feedback and suggestions from our community.”
> “Support desk is being introduced along with update, where users will have access to knowledge tools, how to use acedbets, understanding betting odds, rules for events and quick support with ticketing system.”
> “in the near future we plan to introduce betting and bankroll management tracking tools. to help a better understand their track record.”
> “Updates will be provided in stages, we find that a more effective approach instead of blasting one big update every few months.”
This update is essential for the QOL of this product, the team seems to be absolutely working their arses off.
Ok, onto the future updates then:
THE BIG QUESTION? WHEN POKER?
> Focus is on acedbets.io right now. There are not many bugs left, one major one with All IN freeze up issue and then a bunch of minor visual bugs that need to be ironed out. This will be revealed in our roadmap, we hope to have the product live in Q42020. It’s 80% complete with a few user facing bugs that will be addressed when we resume development in August.”
> “After poker, we will be adding more games to the platform such as Keno, Bingo, Roulette, Blackjack. Considering adding live dealers as well.”
WHEN STAKING?
> “Staking on platform will be introduced eventually not sure of the timeline for this. We would have a community vote on how to fund the staking model, a certain amount of coins could be minted for example to support long tem staking.”
I personally find this part to be interesting, if they manage to pull off a staking + betting crypto site, where potentially dividends could be paid off to stakers, etc. it would be crazy, never seen anything like this.
WHEN EXCHANGE?
> “Waiting for IDEX to reply, we have followed up and our listing request is now with their manager for review. We are actively seeking new exchanges and will find a better alternative to graviex very soon. IDEX application submitted, being reviewed by their listing manager.”
WHEN MARKETING?
> “We will be ramping up marketing after our acedbets.io update. Social media, influencers, AMA’s podcasts, some fun contests, publishing articles on major crypto sites, telegram and discord server promotions, partnerships.”
WHEN WILL YOU MAKE BLOG POSTS AGAIN?
> We will be appointing 2 team members to handle our social media profiles. This includes our medium account. All information will be available on acedcoin.com and medium.
I am unsure of anymore future updates as they have said they do not want to make too many promises. I believe with the roadmap release we will be able to get a grand idea of the project. PLEASE DO NOT BE AFRAID TO JOIN THE DISCORD AND SUGGEST IDEAS, THEY LOVE ALL INPUT AND TAKE IT SERIOUSLY.

Why bother investing in this?
> How about you guys have a look at the online gambling market predictions for the next 10 years…
> “The global online gambling market size was valued at USD 53.7 billion in 2019 and is expected to grow at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 11.5% from 2020 to 2027. The high internet penetration and increasing use of mobile phones among individuals for playing online games from their homes and public places are driving the market.
In addition, factors such as easy access to online gambling, legalization and cultural approval, corporate sponsorships, and celebrity endorsements are also contributing to market growth. The growing availability of cost-effective mobile applications across the globe is further expected to fuel market growth.”
THIS PUTS A $104B VALUATION EXPACTATION FOR 2025.
IT THEN GOES ON TO SAY THIS: > “ The growing number of sports followers across the globe has fuelled the demand for sports betting. The majority of bets are placed on boxing, baseball, football, and hockey sports, which is, in turn, driving the market.
Increasing the development of new technologies such as virtual reality and blockchain is also driving the growth of the industry. This may be attributed to the fact that several companies are now integrating the blockchain technology into their online gambling business. This helps them ensure transparency in gambling activities and offer enhanced user experience. In addition, blockchain-based gambling platforms are completely decentralized and are free of third-party influence.”
They LITERALLY KNOW AND INCLUDE BLOCKCHAIN in their report. THEY KNOW IT WILL BE A BIG INFLUENCE IN YEARS TO COME. Even with COVID-19, AceD covers every sport you could think of that would be running right now, it even has E-Sports. This market prediction, alongside the ACED betting website WITH FULL ANONYMITY… This is going to blow. Once more betting options are released too, especially live poker. Man, you guys better be ready, do not complain about not getting in. I have laid this all out for you, now the choice is yours.
The closest thing that even compares to $ACED is 25mc, and then the next is 40mc. Neither have Anonymous gambling. Once $ACED gains more features, they will be far ahead of these other platforms.

EXTRAS
What are you current biggest draw backs? what is stopping you guys from really excelling and achieving these visions faster?
> “Funding, our goal is to build a self-sustainable model with acedbets.io and we are well on our way to achieving this. We would also like to introduce more entertainment options such as live streaming with tip functionality. With our growing userbase I think we can attract a lot of streamers to use our platform to share their content. In order to achieve these, we can have community votes on coins being minted and offered as OTC crowd sale.”
Legal troubles, could this happen with the anonymous betting? Once you guys do pop off and blow up, will this bite you? I don’t personally see a reason for it to but please explain if there would be.
> “Currently, we don’t offer betting in fiat currencies, our platform is strictly crypto therefore a gaming license is not required to operate in this space. However, if need be we are prepared to comply with any changes and a gaming license would be obtained if required.”
If the site does get hacked or anything happens, how safe are everyone’s funds? Sorry if this is rather random it’s just good to know.
> “All funds deposited into acedbets.io are moved over to cold storage. We only keep a small threshold to payout daily withdrawals which is replenished on a daily basis.”
Wtf went on with DGN? saw a lot of fud > “I was in touch with Bubba-Degen (founder of DGN) , announcement was made on their discord. The FUD started due to couple members requesting a refund and were unhappy with the announcement of launch date being extended to upcoming Friday. The 2 guys went ahead and started spamming telegram groups with false information and accusing DGN as scammers. The DGN token will be listed on acedbets.io this weekend and the project will be live be going live on Uniswap on Friday. “
submitted by nansAshes69 to CryptoMoonShots [link] [comments]

Will the Philadelphia Eagles win OVER/UNDER 9.5 games? By University Stats Prof!

1. Introduction

The Eagles have been a good model of consistency. Over the past 20 years, they have had just four losing seasons.

It wasn’t always pretty, but Philly managed to secure the NFC East title with a 9-7 record last year. They closed out the regular season with a four-game winning streak to edge the Cowboys atop the division.

Unfortunately, Carson Wentz exited the wildcard playoff game early and the team couldn’t overcome his absence in a 17-9 home loss to the Seahawks.

2. Offensive Position-by-Position Breakdown

2.1 Quarterbacks (QBs)

Carson Wentz needs to be applauded for his 2019 performance.

He had to deal with numerous injuries to his receiving corps and yet, he led the team to a playoff spot and he finished with a career-high in passing yards with 4,039. He threw 27 TD passes versus 7 interceptions, while playing all 16 games for the first time since his rookie season in 2016.

In the season finale, his top targets were Boston Scott, Dallas Goedert, Josh Perkins, Deontay Burnett and Greg Ward. Outside of Goedert, none is an established starter in the NFL. The Eagles still secured the NFC East title with a 34-17 road win in New York.

Philadelphia selected Jalen Hurts late in the second round of this year’s draft. He transferred from Alabama to Oklahoma for his senior year since Tua Tagovailoa was projected to be the starter. Hurst was actually replacing Kyler Murray who had just been taken as the number one overall pick in the 2019 NFL draft by the Cards.

Hurts did not disappoint in his lone season with the Sooners. He completed 237-of-340 passes (69.7%) with 3,851 passing yards, along with 32 TD passes and eight interceptions. He also rushed for 1,298 yards with 20 TDs on the ground!

His weaknesses are an average accuracy, inconsistent decision-making and a tendency to take off as a runner too often (sometimes when a receiver was open). He is likely to be used as a gadget player by Doug Pederson this year.

Nate Sudfeld will compete for the backup job. He missed the entire 2019 season due to a wrist injury he suffered during preseason. He was a sixth-round pick out of Indiana in the 2016 draft. He has attempted just 25 passes in the NFL in four years, so it’s hard to tell what to expect from him.

2.2 Running Backs (RBs)

Miles Sanders’ rookie season was a resounding success. He led all rookies with 1,327 yards from scrimmage.

He carried a heavier workload as the season went on. During the first eight games, he averaged 8.3 carries per game, as opposed to 14.1 over the last nine contests (including the playoff loss to the Seahawks).

Jordan Howard’s injury at midseason contributed to the increased usage of Sanders in the backfield. With Howard gone to Miami, the sky’s the limit for second-round pick out of Penn State.

Darren Sproles retired and Jay Ajayi was waived. That leaves the door wide open for third-year man Boston Scott. He flashed big time last year and unquestionably passed my eye test. The 5’6’’ back is very explosive.

Scott made a name for himself in Week #17 as he had to step in for Sanders who sprained an ankle in the first quarter against the Giants. Scott went on to rack up 138 total yards and three touchdowns.

2.3 Wide Receivers (WRs)

This unit was decimated by injuries last year. DeSean Jackson pretty much played just one game, while Alshon Jeffery and Nelson Agholor missed six and five games, respectively.

Despite playing under his age-32 campaign, Jackson showed he still has field-stretching abilities in his lone meeting last year. He was spectacular with 8 catches for 154 yards and a couple of scores. He hasn’t played a full 16-game season very often in his career though.

Jeffery is another aging receiver coming off a significant injury. He underwent Lisfranc surgery, which requires a long rehab period. He’s questionable for the start of training camp.

Since two outstanding seasons in 2013 and 2014 with the Bears, Jeffery has missed four games per year on average, while showing signs of slowing down on the field as well. His 11.4 yards-per-catch average last year was a career low.

To be honest, I feel like Jeffery’s time in the league is coming to an end soon. Lisfranc injuries can be tricky for wide receivers, and full recovery is even more difficult for guys above 30 years of age.

Nelson Agholor was a younger WR who could have provided adequate depth, but he signed with the Raiders. The former first-rounder has not lived up to expectations, but he was still a decent pass catcher, albeit his drops were a big issue last year. Maybe a change of scenery will help rejuvenate his career.

Philly drafted Jalen Reagor with the #21 pick overall last April. He’s a smallish deep threat who is at his best on straight routes. He was good with contested catches, but will it still be the case in the NFL given his size? That’s a big question mark.

Reagor opened a lot of eyes by scoring eight touchdowns as a freshman with TCU after being a high recruit out of high school. He followed up with a great 72-1061-9 receiving line as a sophomore.

Reagor’s numbers dropped quite a bit as a junior (43-611-5), but you can attribute that to having a freshman QB at the helm. He’s an electrifying player who can take it to the house every time he touches the ball.

The competition for the number three role is also likely to involve Greg Ward and J.J. Arcega-Whiteside. These two guys have had completely different paths before making it to the NFL.

Ward went undrafted before joining the AAF. He eventually was added to the Eagles’ practice squad, and later on promoted to the 53-man roster until a depleted receiving corps forced him onto the field.

Meanwhile, Arcega-Whiteside had more of a “conventional” journey by being drafted in the second-round of the 2019 draft.

Such resumes would suggest Arcega-Whiteside would be the superior wideout, but that’s not what we saw on the field. He only caught 10-of-22 targets for a disappointing 45% catch rate. He was rarely targeted down the stretch, despite the numerous injuries at the position.

On the other hand, Ward filled in admirably late in the season. Over the final four meetings, including the playoff game, he caught 20-of-25 targets (an 80% catch rate). He clearly deserves a shot as a top reserve for the upcoming season.

2.4 Tight Ends (TEs)

The Eagles have a nice duo at the tight end position with Zach Ertz and Dallas Goedert.

Ertz is a true warrior. He hasn’t missed more than two games in each of his first seven season in the league. Last year, he played with two rib fractures one week after lacerating his kidney. Talk about a tough guy.

His numbers are also staggering. His lowest figures in terms of receptions and receiving yards over the past five years are 74 and 816. That’s truly remarkable! Please note that he’ll be turning 30 years old during the season.

Just like Ertz, Goedert is also a former second-rounder. However, he is four years younger. He caught 58 passes for 607 yards and 5 TDs, all career-highs. He was targeted 4 times per game on average before the team’s bye week versus an average of 7.9 for the remainder of the year. Granted, injuries to other targets probably boosted his numbers, but he still developed nice chemistry with Wentz.

2.5 Offensive Line (OL)

The Eagles have a heck of an offensive line.

You cannot blame Jason Kelce for anything over the past five years. He hasn’t missed any start, while consistently being one of the top centers in the league. As a matter of fact, he was rated as the #1 center in the NFL according to PFF grades last year. He’s now 32 years old.

Left tackle Jason Peters has been just as good as Kelce. He was nominated to nine Pro Bowls in his career and he finished as the number 6 tackle in the league with his 83.4 PFF mark. Unfortunately, the team decided to let the 38-year old hit the free agency market. EDIT: he was re-signed three days ago (this article was written several weeks ago). He is projected to play guard instead of tackle.

Peters will be replaced with 2019 first-round pick, Andre Dillard. Is he ready to take on the full-time job? It remains to be seen, but it will be difficult to fill Peters’ shoes.

As for Lane Johnson, the right tackle finished as the 3rd-best tackle in the league based on the PFF grading system. He’s been very good throughout his seven-year career; the former #4 overall pick has not disappointed at all!

Brandon Brooks also had a huge 2019 season! He ended the year as the top guard in the NFL with a jaw-dropping 92.9 PFF mark. Much like Lane Johnson, Brooks is another player above 30 years old who’s been reliable his entire career.

Left guard Isaac Seumalo started all 16 games for the first time of his career. He’s the one that received the lowest grades on this OL, but finishing 17th out of 81 guards is nothing to be ashamed of! The former third-round pick from the 2016 draft is not as talented as his colleagues, but you could do worse than having him as one of your starters.

The team lost good depth with the departure of Halapoulivaati Vaitai to Detroit. The 2019 season was clearly his best year; it would have been nice to retain him but he signed a huge contract with the Lions.

2020 VS 2019 OFFENSE

When comparing the upcoming 2020 season with last year, there are some positives and some negatives.

Let’s discuss the negative stuff first. I do expect a downgrade on the offensive line. They played at an extremely high level last year with four guys finishing among the 6 players at their respective position (based on PFF rankings). That’s unlikely to happen again, especially with three linemen aged 30 years or above.

Also, second-year man Andre Dillard has good potential, but it will be difficult to match Jason Peters’ 2019 performance. I do expect a drop-off here.

At quarterback and tight end, the situation remains stable.

At the running back position, losing Jordan Howard to free agency won’t hurt too much with the emergence of electrifying Boston Scott. Also, Miles Sanders is expected to take a leap in his sophomore season.

Finally, how could you not expect better production from the WR group? They were hit by the injury bug a lot last year. Agholor’s departure is a moderate blow; getting DeSean Jackson back is a bonus! Hopefully, speedy rookie Jalen Reagor can provide a spark to an offense that sorely missed game breakers last year.

The Eagles offense scored the 12th-highest number of points last year. My final conclusion, based on the arguments above, is that I expect similar production in 2020.

Final call (2020 vs 2019): Stable

3. Defensive Position-by-Position Breakdown

3.1 Defensive Linemen (DLs)

Fletcher Cox is an animal. Plain and simple.

Despite posting his second-lowest sack output of his illustrious eight-year career, he still graded as the 4th-best interior defenders in the NFL based on PFF rankings. On average, he has recorded 6 sacks per year (he only got 3.5 last year)

He has also been very durable; he’s missed just three games out 128. He still has good years to come at age 29.

Tim Jernigan was a decent starter next to Cox, but he clearly wasn’t needed on the team anymore after the Eagles signed stud DT Javon Hargrave. The former Steeler showed steady improvement in each of his first four years in the NFL. His 83.4 PFF mark last year put him in the 8th spot out of 114 DLs.

With Hargrave entering his prime years and Fletcher Cox being a perennial beast, good luck running the ball inside the tackles against the Eagles in 2020.

After playing three years in Indy, Hassan Ridgeway had a below-average season in his first year with the Eagles. He’s more of a rotational player, whom you hope won’t be needed as a starter.

3.2 Defensive Ends (DEs) / Edge Rushers (ED)

Brandon Graham is 32 years old, but he refuses to slow down. He led the team with 8.5 sacks last year, and he has averaged six sacks over an eight-year period!

The guy also finds a way to stay on the field. Can you believe he has missed a single game in eight years! He’s been consistently good and remains a force, both against the run and rushing the passer.

Derek Barnett is a former first-rounder coming off a career-high in sacks with 6.5. However, his 2019 PFF grade was the lowest of his three-year stint in the NFL and he finished as the number 83 edge defender out of 107 qualifiers. He’s an “okay” player.

Vinny Curry played 38% of the snaps last year, but it does not appear like he will be back with the team. At the time of writing, he was still a free agent. He did pick up five sacks last year, but teams seem reluctant to sign him because he’ll be playing his age-32 campaign. He actually played pretty well when called upon.

With Curry gone, the team must hope Josh Sweat will elevate his game. The 2018 fourth-round selection posted his first four sacks of his career last year, but his 62.5 overall PFF mark ranked him as the 76th-best edge defender out of 107 guys.

3.3 Linebackers (LBs)

After playing four years in Buffalo and four years in Philly, Nigel Bradham was cut by the Eagles, mainly for cap reasons. He provided average play at the LB position; he was good in coverage, but he was a liability defending the run.

The team also lost Kamu Grugier-Hill, who signed with the Dolphins. You could characterize him as a decent player, albeit far from being great.

That leaves the team pretty thin at the position.

Nathan Gerry is the lone 2019 starter that is still with the team. He ranked as the 34th-best linebacker out of 89 players. He does not offer much upside, though. It would be stunning to see him crack the top 25 someday.

Can Duke Riley and/or T.J Edwards crack the starting lineup? Neither seem to be an up-and-coming star. Riley was acquired for peanuts prior to last year and he played 35 snaps. As for Edwards, he was an undrafted rookie out of Wisconsin that did well in limited time last year. He proved to be stout against the run.

3.4 Cornerbacks (CBs)

Philly’s back end has been revamped for the upcoming 2020 season.

The Eagles signed one of the best slot corners in the league: Nickell Robey-Coleman. He has received consistently good grades from ProFootballFocus over the past four years. At 5’8’’ he is pretty small, but you couldn’t tell from the quality of his game. He’s a nice addition.

Philly also acquired Darius “Big Play” Slay, who played the first seven years of his career with the Lions. He had a down year in 2019, but I’m not worried he can rebound in a new environment. He’s been covering opponent’s top receivers for a while in this league, and he’s done a good job at it. He has 19 career interceptions.

Ronald Darby’s career has been plagued with injuries recently and he was let go during the offseason. His PFF grade took an enormous drop last year, all the way from a respectable 70.6 in 2018 down to an abysmal 44.8 last year. He signed a one-year deal with the Redskins.

Rasul Douglas and Avonte Maddox are still on the team, but neither has proven to be an impactful contributor. Both graded as very below-average corners in 2019.

3.5 Safeties (S)

Malcolm Jenkins and Rodney McLeod both played the entire 2019 season. They ranked as the 32nd- and 52nd-best out of a bunch of 87 safeties.

The organization and Jenkins couldn’t agree on a deal, so the Eagles had to let him go after six very successful seasons. He picked off 11 passes during his six-year stint in Philly. He signed with the Saints, with which he spent the first five seasons of his career. Even though he wasn’t getting any younger, his present will be missed.

McLeod’s 2019 PFF grade was the lowest he had obtained over the past five years, but he still did a decent job.

Jalen Mills will be one piece of the puzzle in replacing Jenkins. But let’s face the reality: he has been pretty awful throughout his four-year career, except 2017 where he did better.

Another option will be newly acquired Will Parks, who is coming over from Denver. However, he’s clearly not a long-term solution either. He’s pretty versatile, but he’s a below-average player.

2020 VS 2019 DEFENSE

This unit was upgraded quite a bit during the offseason at two positions, but it also suffered a severe downgrade at a couple others.

First, acquiring Javon Hargrave to team up with Fletcher Cox on the interior of the line was big! At CB, getting Darius Slay and Nickell Robey-Coleman will provide much needed help at a position that has caused headaches for years in Philly.

Unfortunately, the defense lost its best safety when Malcolm Jenkins signed with the Saints. Also, even though none of them was a true difference maker, losing linebackers Nigel Bradham and Kamu Grugier-Hill creates a hole.

Since the team acquired some big time players while losing good/average players, I envision a small improvement. In 2019, the Eagles finished in the middle of the pack in terms of points allowed per game (15th out of 32 teams). I envision Philly finishing around the #10-#13 spot this year.

Final call (2020 vs 2019): Small upgrade

4. Regular Season Wins

According to sportsbooks, the Eagles are expected to win 9.5 games this season. Should we bet the “over” or the “under”?

Here is the methodology I used in order to answer this vital question:

Here are the results:

Estimated Probability Sportsbook Odds ROI
OVER 9.5 WINS 42.3% FanDuel -105 -17.4%
UNDER 9.5 WINS 57.7% Pinnacle -103 +13.7%
Tip: Bet UNDER 9.5 wins
Return On Investment (ROI): +13.7%
Rank: 19th-highest ROI out of 32 teams
Minimum odds required to bet (i.e. ROI = 0%): -136

Here are BetOnline’s point spreads for the Eagles’ 16 regular season games:

Note: The “Best odds” from the table above were obtained after looking at 13 well-known online sportsbooks on May 18th, 2020.

I invite you to take a look at my other 31 NFL team previews! Good information if you are involved in fantasy football and/or if you want to be up-to-date on player movement and teams' strengths and weaknesses (for betting purposes)!

Cheers,

Professor MJ
submitted by David-MJ to sportsbook [link] [comments]

Tennis Betting - Tips For Exchange Betting on Tennis Matches

By choosing tennis as your preferred sport for betting, you have already given yourself an "edge" against those who bet on or offer odds on other sports. To use this "edge" to make money consistently, however, you'll need to understand two fundamental principles first. Then apply the power of mathematics.
Principle #1
It is sheer folly to place a tennis bet (or a bet on anything) with a "traditional" bookmaker. The expression "You can't beat the bookie" is axiomatic; you just cannot beat the bookie over time. It's because the odds are always mathematically calculated in favour of the bookmaker. Everyone knows (or should know) that the bookie's mathematical "edge" against the punter is necessary for him to make a profit so that he can stay in business.
Computer technology has given rise to a new form of betting, known as "exchange betting" or "matched betting". With "betting exchanges" there is no bookie to beat; in other words, there is no middle-man. Every punter bets against another punter or punters somewhere out there in the Internet ether. Any punter (or "trader") can place a "back" bet that a player or team will win, and/or place a "lay" bet that a player or team will lose. Thus, any punter can choose to act as an ordinary bettor and/or as a bookmaker.
With exchange betting the odds are not set by a third-party or middle-man; they are set by the punters themselves, who place requests for odds at which they are prepared to place bets (if they wish to act as an ordinary bettor), or place offers of odds at which they are prepared to lay bets (if they wish to act as a bookmaker).
As the "back" bettors gradually lower their requested odds and the "lay" bettors gradually raise their offered odds, the software on the exchange betting web site matches all the back bets with all the lay bets at the instant they coincide. The accounts of the "backers" or "layers" are then credited with their winnings automatically a few seconds after the end of the event according to its result.
Obviously, the technology for providing such a "fair" betting service must be paid for somehow. This payment is taken in the form of a commission on the punter's net winnings on an event (or "market"). That is, commission is charged only on any positive difference between winnings and losses on the same event.
This betting system is as close to a perfectly fair betting environment as it is possible to achieve.
There are very few betting exchanges in existence, however, perhaps because the exchange betting software is so complex and therefore costly. The giant among exchange betting web sites is Betfair, with about 90% of the market at the time of writing. Others are the Global Betting Exchange (BetDAQ), ibetX, Betsson, Matchbook and the World Bet Exchange (WBX). Betfair is by far the most popular because it was the first to offer this "perfectly fair" betting environment, and is trusted to perform accurately and instantly.
Principle #2
So, why does tennis betting give you that "edge" over betting on other sports? The answer, though simple, is often overlooked even by those who bet tennis regularly. And if you're someone who's never bet on tennis, you'd almost certainly not have realized the significance of the tennis scoring system on the betting.
Consider this fundamental difference between the tennis scoring system and that of probably any other sport you can think of.
In other sports and games the trailing player or team must make up the points gap by winning a point for every point they have already lost in order to catch up to the leader. Only then can they start to move ahead. This fact seems obvious.
In tennis, however, the trailing player or team can lose the first set 6-0 (possibly with a deficit of 24 points). That team can then win the second set by the most narrow of margins, 7-6 in a tie-break, winning the set by very few points (or even by winning fewer points than the opponents, a rare but possible occurrence!).
As soon as the trailing player or team wins the second set, the two sides suddenly have even scores, even though one player or team might have actually won many more points than the opponents.
This anomaly often has a profound psychological effect on one or both sides, which affects the way they play for the next few minutes, and therefore also the betting odds requested and offered by punters on the match. This, however, is another aspect of tennis betting which may be the subject of another article. This article deals with the mathematical aspect of tennis betting and how to win money with this knowledge.
How to win at tennis betting
Now that you're aware of these two fundamental principles, how can you use them to your advantage when making tennis bets?
The key is not to be just a "backer" or a "layer", simply betting on the final outcome of an event. If you do that, you will lose out over time, because there's always a small difference between the "back" odds and the "lay" odds -- there must be, otherwise there'd be no incentive for anyone to offer odds and there'd be no betting at all. Combine that with the commission you pay on your net winnings, and the "edge" is against you mathematically (although it is not as great as with conventional bookmakers).
The secret to winning at tennis betting is to be BOTH a "backer" AND a "layer", but at different points during the event. This is another aspect of betting that distinguishes the exchange betting web site from the traditional bookie. At the betting exchange you can place a back or lay bet at any time during the event, right up until the very last second or the final point. This is known as "in-play" betting.
Because in-play betting is allowed, the odds for each opposing side change as the event progresses, according to the likelihood (as perceived by the punters) of either one side or the other being the eventual winner. The trick is to place a back bet on one side at certain odds and later place a lay bet on that side (or a back bet on the other side) at better odds as fortunes change and the odds swing in your favour. If you can achieve this, you will win your bet overall, regardless of the outcome of the event -- a true "win-win" scenario.
Why bet on tennis and not on other sports?
Apart from Principle #2, explained earlier, tennis is ideal for such "swing" betting, because the odds fluctuate after every point is played. There are therefore very many small swings to one side and then to the other. This doesn't happen in soccer, for example, because goals are so rare and a goal shifts the advantage suddenly and hugely to the scoring side.
Furthermore, a tennis match can have one of only two results; there can be no draw or tie; and one of only two players or teams can win. In horse racing, for example, the winner can come from a large number of runners.
The more possible outcomes there are to factor into the equation, the more difficult it is to win. (Despite this obvious logic, soccer and horse racing remain the two most popular sports for betting, probably for historical reasons. Tennis is already third in popularity, however, as more and more punters discover the fact that it is easier to make money betting on tennis than on any other sport.)
"In-play" betting or "pre-event" betting?
Now that you have -- it is hoped -- understood and absorbed the generalities of exchange betting and the peculiarities of tennis scoring, it is time to explain the details of how you can win at tennis betting.
Earlier it was stated that the secret to winning at tennis betting is to be both a "backer" and a "layer", but at different points during the event, placing bets at different times during the event as fortunes change and the odds swing in your favour. This can be done with both "in-play" betting and "pre-event" betting.
One method used with in-play betting is called "scalping". As its name suggests, scalping involves skimming a tiny profit by backing or laying at exactly the right moment as the odds move slightly in your favour, perhaps when one player scores two or three consecutive points, and repeating the process again and again. The biggest drawback of scalping is that it is very time-consuming and fraught with mental and physical tension. Not only must you pay full attention to what's happening during the match by live video broadcast, but you must also catch exactly the right moments at which to bet, which is, in fact, made impossible by the 5-second delay imposed by the exchange betting software between the time you place the bet and the time it is accepted.
We're not elaborating on this here because, as stated previously, this article is about winning by mathematics, not by the sweat of your brow. The maths aspect involves betting, not during the event, but before the event starts. That is, pre-event betting.
Mathematics do not lie!
There are a few tennis betting "systems", some purely manual, others using software programs, some of which are enormously complicated. From the investigations of the writer (a mathematician), they all require the input, at some point, of a "probability factor" by the bettor. This probability factor is usually the odds at which you want your "balancing" bet (the "lay" bet on the "backed" side or the "back" bet on the opposing side) to be triggered, giving you the "win-win" scenario mentioned earlier.
So, how do you determine the value of this probability factor? That, dear reader, is the crucial point of the whole matter, the linch-pin that holds any exchange betting "system" together and determines whether it succeeds or fails, whether you win or lose.
Up to now, it seems, this probability factor has had to be determined by the sheer experience of a few seasoned professional gamblers, or by trial-and-error guesswork by lesser mortals. Little wonder that so many punters lose or do not win as much as they could because they do not know the EXACT value needed to optimize their bets!
Accuracy is of paramount importance when determining the probability factor, in order to maximize the chances of winning consistently. A search on the Web for a tool to calculate it proved negative. The writer therefore created one that encompasses not only all aspects of exchange betting but also the peculiarities of the tennis scoring system, and called it the Abacus Exchange Betting Calculator, for want of a better name. The probability factor is calculated to two decimal places, merely by entering the pre-event odds of both opposing sides, and has enabled the writer to make consistently more than 10% profit from tennis betting since Wimbledon 2009.
As a parallel test, the writer also placed bets according to "gut feeling", in sufficient numbers to establish a trend. It resulted in a loss of 10% of the working capital (or "bank").
Other tests were done, using the Abacus Exchange Betting Calculator, by betting on other sports where small odds swings occur, such as American Football, snooker and darts (very long matches only, otherwise the swings are too large). The results here just about covered the commissions paid on winnings; so, it is not worthwhile.
It seems, then, that the particular mathematical formula or algorithm (which is very complex) discussed here works well only in conjunction with the unique scoring system of tennis.
Conclusion
As a scientist, the writer feels that it is highly probable to win at sports betting consistently over time only when the following factors are present:
  1. An exchange betting web site is used, not a conventional betting web site. (Beware of many sites that pretend to offer exchange betting by appearing in search engine results for "exchange betting"! Ensure that their software system enables you both to back and to lay bets at any odds you want against other punters, not against the house. If in doubt, check that their web site looks like the one at Betfair.)
AND
  1. The sport is tennis, because of its unique scoring system.
AND
3(a) You learn about and become experienced in in-play betting and are prepared to devote almost all your time glued to a computer screen while following each match, sometimes more than one simultaneously.
OR
3(b) You use software that tells you exactly the odds to request and offer and the stakes to place in pre-event betting in only a few minutes, thus allowing you to get on with your normal life.
submitted by PresentType to 1xbetjapandotcom [link] [comments]

10 years of gambling addiction comes to a close.

Hello,
I thought I would essentially start my journey by posting here so I can get my thoughts written out in black and white. Ultimately my journey began fairly common to others in the UK. I was 17 years of age starting to become interested in going to football with friends and putting on accumulators mostly multiple £1 bets or the odd £5 ones never spending more than £10-£15 pounds over the course of the weekend. Like most I have the fond memory of winning big and still had the screenshot of it until recently when I moved onto betting online when the gambling apps started coming out thick and fast rather than going into the bookmaker shops themselves. £2.50 I had placed on a 250/1 double and at the age of 18 I thought I had won the lottery I did not gamble all the money away I spent it enjoying myself and going out with friends and continued spending small with gambling.
Not long after this it turned into going to the casino every other weekend for something to eat, drink and of course bet. I remember going with a few friends and one of them was starting with £800 which he had in cash. I had never in my life seen this much money in cash before and was just blown away by it. I cannot even remember on the night if he won or lost money all I can remember is that wad of cash and thinking that is what I want to be like and be able to afford to bet that amount. Long story short of course my friend at the time ended up become extremely addicted to gambling as I realised over the years to come.
Roll on 5 years later I have lost endless amounts of money by throwing away my wages every single day. Gambling online week after week, month after month and in turn year after year. Some of the moments that stick out in my mind were when I would sit up and wait for pay to come into my bank at 02:00am when I had work the next day and it would be lost within an hour or 2, an entire months hard work of getting up 5 times a week doing a job for 8-10 hours a day all gone in usually no time at all. Unfortunately for me this is when the real trouble would start. When this would happen I would instantly turn to payday loans to essentially replace my lost wage to live on for that month. I would usually be fairly good I will still gamble but I would try and keep some for getting through the month regarding transport and food etc. Of course the time would eventually roll round where I would need to pay the high interest loan off and it would be sidelined as I had just been paid and the mentality was I can win the money back, pay off the loan and life would be good back to square one. The reality is, the true meaning of square one is something that no real gambling addict has experienced for years. The average person would be fairly unhappy living pay cheque to pay cheque month after month and having no savings, where as I would bite your hand off to be back in that situation debt free and a clean slate.
Unfortunately for me I was extremely good friends with a very disciplined person who I looked up to for all things gambling, the truth is he was a winner and he used to tell me " A good gambler is judged on how they lose not how they win " If you can lose money and accept it and go to your bed knowing you placed a good bet or even a bad bet and it lost and put it behind you and go again fresh the next day you are doing something right. I on the other hand was the chase your loses type. I could not face losing money and it was either win it back there and then or lose the lot and deal with that instead.
My story I feel is a little different from others because at one point I actually had success where I was not working and quite literally gambling for a living (if you can believe that). I essentially saved up and won money creating a fairly large bankroll. I had a spreadsheet where I documented every bet I placed, unit sizes, odds and all the rest and the truth is it worked. I have been an avid follower of a very niche sport all my life my knowledge is very high regarding that particular sport if you mix that in with when I discovered bookmakers starting to offering odds on it that was that I knew my goal. I had a little group where I would post the picks to and obviously done well from it. I experienced having accounts limited and closed by bookmakers while getting the emails saying " The traders have decided as a business decision we regret to inform you we are closing/limiting your account ". Now when you receive emails like this it does something to your ego, you absolutely know you are hurting their business plan of having a full customer base of losers and they no longer want your business. I began starting buying accounts off friends in order to access specific bookmakers so I could place my bets etc. It was a great time and a very successful one. Sadly it did not last, when I was doing this 95% of my time was spent researching, reviewing footage and genuinely digging for all information I could get. The other 5% was looking for the best available odds and placing my bet. I was much more sensible with my stakes because I had a clear head and a free mind to actually think correctly on what I was doing.
Not long after this I began ultimately spending more money than I was making causing a sort of panic to make more but instead of putting more effort into studying my niche sport which I was consistently winning on and looking for a good spot, I would turn to chance and pure luck. Goals bets in football on any random game inplay, Roulette, Blackjack etc etc etc. I would happily place an £800 spin on roulette yet my maximum bet on my niche sport would be £125. A pick where I would be on the value side with a genuine edge against the bookmaker, a bet where I would be placing it at odds of 6/4(2.50) and the bet would close at 8/11(1.72). Utter madness. I put this down to the state of mind I was in. When I was researching I was not getting drawn in by a gambling website I had my little plan in place and I carried it out. I was on gambling websites briefly to place the bet and then log off. But when I was sat on betting sites looking for a bet it would just completely spiral out of control.
I am currently 27 years old and I feel like I have been gambling CONSTANTLY for almost 10 years, which sadly I ultimately have been. I am in debt and although coming out and admitting it to people who care about me there are still secrets I cannot share regarding money owed out etc. I have decimated my credit score, have registered with almost every bookmaker going and I have closed multiple bank accounts over the years that were absolutely littered with betting transactions. I recently found an old statement from 2012 and it was such a surreal situation thinking what age I was back then and yet my bank statements look identical to this day.
I have not posted this for sympathy or anything like that the main reason for posting today is mainly to help other people and for closure. I always take everything with a pinch of salt online like most do but believe me when I say I have experienced every aspect of gambling. The lowest lows of losing, the highest highs of winning big(lucky), the thrill of being extremely disciplined and focused on making money consistently, closing accounts and saying never ever again to finally having accounts limited as mentioned previously for winning.
The bottom line when it comes to gambling is you just simply CANNOT win over your life time so why are you doing it? You are essentially paying a direct debit throughout your life to all these different betting companies for a bit of dopamine to be released in your brain. I manged to clear my debt and had about £10,000 saved £5,000 bankroll and was on cloud 9 and look where I am at now. I have £100 in my bank for the essentials and about £10,000 in debt just 3 odd years later. I have carried on for so long to try and re-live the dream I thought I had but the hard hitting reality is even when I was doing well I was constantly fighting against being banned from shops and having accounts online limited and closed. Even when you win you cannot win for long so it is pointless. I am a risk taker at heart and can be very impulsive which for a gambler is a non starter. It will NEVER end well if you have these types of traits as you could do well for months or years being disciplined but one day that IMPULSE will burst through your body and overcome and ruin all your hard work.
This might come across like I am bitter about the situation but I am not. I actually feel a real sense of relief typing this up today, usually when I read these sorts of posts from other users and it is day 1 for them for quitting gambling I skip over it because I think yeah, you will be back at it tomorrow or when you next get money, not very supportive but it is the truth none the less for most I feel.
One thing that is happening right now within the gambling industry is safer gambling adverts especially in the UK. I realised that what they are doing is the same as what sugary food product companies done with regards to their food stuffs being deemed unhealthy they were ultimately asked to remove certain products but instead they turned it round as said they would introduce more healthier, lower sugafat alternatives instead which resulted in just adding more of their products to the market. That is EXACTLY what the gambling firms are doing just now they have been told about the harm it is doing and have been told to essentially lower the amount of exposure to children/adults alike with these adverts and their response is not to reduce the amount but to introduce safer gambling when the fun stops, stop adverts just increasing the amount of times their logo appears on your screen through multiple more adverts.
Anyway, I would like to think at least one person reads this and it makes them think twice. Maybe somebody who is 18 and has just began gambling or maybe somebody who is similar ages to myself or even older who can relate to my experience in anyway.
If you have managed to read all of this then well done, If I came across a post browsing on this after a loss and seen it was this length I would not bother, I would skip to the end like my impulsive personality would command me to do which is a little reminder as to why I am posting this in the first place being a compulsive and impatience gambler.
To end on a positive note my gambling journey comes to an end today. I am 27 years old and have been at it from 17 and enough is ultimately enough for me. My new goal has been laid out prior to writing this in regards to avoiding temptation, paying off what I owe and what to do with my wages going forward.
I wish anybody reading this who is struggling all the best and if you have any intention to quit and have stumbled across this sub-reddit then it is time to quit or else you would not be here and you know it. As for anybody who reads through this and still gambles themselves then maybe take a look at what you are doing and if you can honestly look yourself in the mirror and admit you have no problem then great and good luck with what you are doing.
If you want to maybe ask more about my situation in relation to your own, have any questions or are just looking for somebody to listen to your story then feel free to message me.
Thanks,
LD.
submitted by LetniyDozihdik to GamblingAddiction [link] [comments]

10 years of gambling addiction comes to a close.

Hello,
I thought I would essentially start my journey by posting here so I can get my thoughts written out in black and white. Ultimately my journey began fairly common to others in the UK. I was 17 years of age starting to become interested in going to football with friends and putting on accumulators mostly multiple £1 bets or the odd £5 ones never spending more than £10-£15 pounds over the course of the weekend. Like most I have the fond memory of winning big and still had the screenshot of it until recently when I moved onto betting online when the gambling apps started coming out thick and fast rather than going into the bookmaker shops themselves. £2.50 I had placed on a 250/1 double and at the age of 18 I thought I had won the lottery I did not gamble all the money away I spent it enjoying myself and going out with friends and continued spending small with gambling.
Not long after this it turned into going to the casino every other weekend for something to eat, drink and of course bet. I remember going with a few friends and one of them was starting with £800 which he had in cash. I had never in my life seen this much money in cash before and was just blown away by it. I cannot even remember on the night if he won or lost money all I can remember is that wad of cash and thinking that is what I want to be like and be able to afford to bet that amount. Long story short of course my friend at the time ended up become extremely addicted to gambling as I realised over the years to come.
Roll on 5 years later I have lost endless amounts of money by throwing away my wages every single day. Gambling online week after week, month after month and in turn year after year. Some of the moments that stick out in my mind were when I would sit up and wait for pay to come into my bank at 02:00am when I had work the next day and it would be lost within an hour or 2, an entire months hard work of getting up 5 times a week doing a job for 8-10 hours a day all gone in usually no time at all. Unfortunately for me this is when the real trouble would start. When this would happen I would instantly turn to payday loans to essentially replace my lost wage to live on for that month. I would usually be fairly good I will still gamble but I would try and keep some for getting through the month regarding transport and food etc. Of course the time would eventually roll round where I would need to pay the high interest loan off and it would be sidelined as I had just been paid and the mentality was I can win the money back, pay off the loan and life would be good back to square one. The reality is, the true meaning of square one is something that no real gambling addict has experienced for years. The average person would be fairly unhappy living pay cheque to pay cheque month after month and having no savings, where as I would bite your hand off to be back in that situation debt free and a clean slate.
Unfortunately for me I was extremely good friends with a very disciplined person who I looked up to for all things gambling, the truth is he was a winner and he used to tell me " A good gambler is judged on how they lose not how they win " If you can lose money and accept it and go to your bed knowing you placed a good bet or even a bad bet and it lost and put it behind you and go again fresh the next day you are doing something right. I on the other hand was the chase your loses type. I could not face losing money and it was either win it back there and then or lose the lot and deal with that instead.
My story I feel is a little different from others because at one point I actually had success where I was not working and quite literally gambling for a living (if you can believe that). I essentially saved up and won money creating a fairly large bankroll. I had a spreadsheet where I documented every bet I placed, unit sizes, odds and all the rest and the truth is it worked. I have been an avid follower of a very niche sport all my life my knowledge is very high regarding that particular sport if you mix that in with when I discovered bookmakers starting to offering odds on it that was that I knew my goal. I had a little group where I would post the picks to and obviously done well from it. I experienced having accounts limited and closed by bookmakers while getting the emails saying " The traders have decided as a business decision we regret to inform you we are closing/limiting your account ". Now when you receive emails like this it does something to your ego, you absolutely know you are hurting their business plan of having a full customer base of losers and they no longer want your business. I began starting buying accounts off friends in order to access specific bookmakers so I could place my bets etc. It was a great time and a very successful one. Sadly it did not last, when I was doing this 95% of my time was spent researching, reviewing footage and genuinely digging for all information I could get. The other 5% was looking for the best available odds and placing my bet. I was much more sensible with my stakes because I had a clear head and a free mind to actually think correctly on what I was doing.
Not long after this I began ultimately spending more money than I was making causing a sort of panic to make more but instead of putting more effort into studying my niche sport which I was consistently winning on and looking for a good spot, I would turn to chance and pure luck. Goals bets in football on any random game inplay, Roulette, Blackjack etc etc etc. I would happily place an £800 spin on roulette yet my maximum bet on my niche sport would be £125. A pick where I would be on the value side with a genuine edge against the bookmaker, a bet where I would be placing it at odds of 6/4(2.50) and the bet would close at 8/11(1.72). Utter madness. I put this down to the state of mind I was in. When I was researching I was not getting drawn in by a gambling website I had my little plan in place and I carried it out. I was on gambling websites briefly to place the bet and then log off. But when I was sat on betting sites looking for a bet it would just completely spiral out of control.
I am currently 27 years old and I feel like I have been gambling CONSTANTLY for almost 10 years, which sadly I ultimately have been. I am in debt and although coming out and admitting it to people who care about me there are still secrets I cannot share regarding money owed out etc. I have decimated my credit score, have registered with almost every bookmaker going and I have closed multiple bank accounts over the years that were absolutely littered with betting transactions. I recently found an old statement from 2012 and it was such a surreal situation thinking what age I was back then and yet my bank statements look identical to this day.
I have not posted this for sympathy or anything like that the main reason for posting today is mainly to help other people and for closure. I always take everything with a pinch of salt online like most do but believe me when I say I have experienced every aspect of gambling. The lowest lows of losing, the highest highs of winning big(lucky), the thrill of being extremely disciplined and focused on making money consistently, closing accounts and saying never ever again to finally having accounts limited as mentioned previously for winning.
The bottom line when it comes to gambling is you just simply CANNOT win over your life time so why are you doing it? You are essentially paying a direct debit throughout your life to all these different betting companies for a bit of dopamine to be released in your brain. I manged to clear my debt and had about £10,000 saved £5,000 bankroll and was on cloud 9 and look where I am at now. I have £100 in my bank for the essentials and about £10,000 in debt just 3 odd years later. I have carried on for so long to try and re-live the dream I thought I had but the hard hitting reality is even when I was doing well I was constantly fighting against being banned from shops and having accounts online limited and closed. Even when you win you cannot win for long so it is pointless. I am a risk taker at heart and can be very impulsive which for a gambler is a non starter. It will NEVER end well if you have these types of traits as you could do well for months or years being disciplined but one day that IMPULSE will burst through your body and overcome and ruin all your hard work.
This might come across like I am bitter about the situation but I am not. I actually feel a real sense of relief typing this up today, usually when I read these sorts of posts from other users and it is day 1 for them for quitting gambling I skip over it because I think yeah, you will be back at it tomorrow or when you next get money, not very supportive but it is the truth none the less for most I feel.
One thing that is happening right now within the gambling industry is safer gambling adverts especially in the UK. I realised that what they are doing is the same as what sugary food product companies done with regards to their food stuffs being deemed unhealthy they were ultimately asked to remove certain products but instead they turned it round as said they would introduce more healthier, lower sugafat alternatives instead which resulted in just adding more of their products to the market. That is EXACTLY what the gambling firms are doing just now they have been told about the harm it is doing and have been told to essentially lower the amount of exposure to children/adults alike with these adverts and their response is not to reduce the amount but to introduce safer gambling when the fun stops, stop adverts just increasing the amount of times their logo appears on your screen through multiple more adverts.
Anyway, I would like to think at least one person reads this and it makes them think twice. Maybe somebody who is 18 and has just began gambling or maybe somebody who is similar ages to myself or even older who can relate to my experience in anyway.
If you have managed to read all of this then well done, If I came across a post browsing on this after a loss and seen it was this length I would not bother, I would skip to the end like my impulsive personality would command me to do which is a little reminder as to why I am posting this in the first place being a compulsive and impatience gambler.
To end on a positive note my gambling journey comes to an end today. I am 27 years old and have been at it from 17 and enough is ultimately enough for me. My new goal has been laid out prior to writing this in regards to avoiding temptation, paying off what I owe and what to do with my wages going forward.
I wish anybody reading this who is struggling all the best and if you have any intention to quit and have stumbled across this sub-reddit then it is time to quit or else you would not be here and you know it. As for anybody who reads through this and still gambles themselves then maybe take a look at what you are doing and if you can honestly look yourself in the mirror and admit you have no problem then great and good luck with what you are doing.
If you want to maybe ask more about my situation in relation to your own, have any questions or are just looking for somebody to listen to your story then feel free to message me.
Thanks,
LD.
submitted by LetniyDozihdik to problemgambling [link] [comments]

Us right now.

Us right now. submitted by LeedsUntied to LeedsUnited [link] [comments]

The Athletic - Breaking Down the Giants FA's - Stay or Go?

Unrestricted free agents
• RB Buck Allen: Allen was signed off the street in Week 7 last season when the Giants’ backfield was decimated by injuries. The veteran surprisingly jumped Wayne Gallman as the No. 2 back by the end of the season, but Allen didn’t show much in his limited opportunities. The Giants will likely look elsewhere to fill out their running back depth chart.
• WR Corey Coleman: The Giants had high hopes for Coleman after an impressive showing as the team’s kick returner in eight games in 2018. But Coleman tore his ACL in the first practice of training camp and missed the entire 2019 season. He rehabilitated at the Giants facility all season and will be 100 percent healthy by the start of the offseason program. The former first-round pick’s market will likely be limited by the injury. A source said Coleman’s odds of returning to the Giants are “50-50.”
• WR Cody Core: The Giants plucked Core off the scrap heap after he was waived by the Bengals on cut day last year. Core was a non-factor offensively, but he emerged as a valuable special teamer. He was particularly adept at downing punts as a gunner. The Giants want to keep Core, but he raised his price tag with the strong performance last season. It would be surprising if the Giants let Core walk considering their emphasis on special teams.
• WR Cody Latimer: The Giants have signed Latimer to consecutive one-year contracts. The value of the deals dropped from $2.5 million in 2018 to $1.5 million in 2019. Latimer hasn’t had much production despite having the opportunity to be the No. 3 receiver each season. But the Giants could bring Latimer back on another cheap one-year deal to provide depth, especially since he’s played for wide receivers coach Tyke Tolbert for his entire six-year career.
• WR Russell Shepard: Like Latimer, Shepard has signed consecutive one-year deals with the Giants ($1.25 million in 2018 and $1.5 million in 2019). A favorite of general manager Dave Gettleman, it’s a strong bet that Shepard will sign a similar contract this offseason. The 29-year-old is a positive presence to have around, so even if he gets beat out for a roster spot the Giants will benefit from having him in camp.
• OL Mike Remmers: The Giants will let Remmers hit the market. He was brought in as a one-year stop gap at right tackle and he filled that role. Remmers started 14 games and provided some stability despite generally subpar play. The 30-year-old isn’t part of the Giants’ future, as they need to make upgrading the tackle position a priority this offseason. A reunion is possible with former Giants coach Pat Shurmur, who is now the Broncos offensive coordinator.
•DL Leonard Williams: Williams represents the biggest question mark among the Giants’ free agents. Gettleman acquired Williams from the Jets at last season’s trade deadline for a 2020 third-round pick and a 2021 fifth-round pick that becomes a fourth-round pick if he re-signs before the new league year starts on Wednesday. It’s highly unlikely that an agreement will be reached by then, as the sides aren’t close to a deal after preliminary negotiations. The Giants’ only course of action appears to be placing a tag on Williams to prevent the 25-year-old from hitting the open market.
• LB Markus Golden: Golden made the most of the one-year “prove-it” contract he signed last offseason. He rebounded with 10 sacks in 2019 after a torn ACL limited his production in the two previous seasons. That will have Golden looking to cash in. There’s mutual interest in a return, but Golden will test the market.
• LB David Mayo: The Giants are interested in re-signing Mayo, who was unexpectedly thrust into a prominent role on defense last season. Mayo started 13 games at inside linebacker last year after starting four games combined in his first four seasons. The Giants signed Mayo after he was released by the 49ers on cut day with the plan for him to be a core special teamer and backup linebacker. Look for the Giants to re-sign Mayo to fill that role after the first wave of free agency.
• LB Deone Bucannon: The Giants took a flier on Bucannon after he was cut by the Buccaneers in the middle of last season. Bucannon had a strong connection to former Giants defensive coordinator James Bettcher from their time together in Arizona. With Bettcher no longer on staff, don’t expect Bucannon to return.
• CB Antonio Hamilton: The Giants claimed Hamilton after cut day in 2018 and then re-signed him to a one-year, $1 million contract last offseason. Hamilton has been excellent on special teams but struggled when given an opportunity to start at corner in last season’s opener. Hamilton is in a similar position as Core as a player who has carved out a valuable role on special teams. He could be back on another cheap deal.
• S Michael Thomas: Aside from Golden, Thomas has probably been Gettleman’s most valuable free agent signing. Thomas, who signed a two-year, $4 million contract in 2018, has been a special teams standout and valuable backup safety for the past two seasons. A captain in each of his two seasons with the Giants, Thomas is hoping to return. The Giants can probably re-sign the 30-year-old to a deal similar to the one he signed in 2018.
• LS Zak DeOssie: DeOssie won’t be back with the Giants after 13 years as the team’s long snapper. The two-time Super Bowl champion and nine-time captain finished last season on injured reserve. The Giants have 25-year-old Colin Holba in place to take over at long snapper. DeOssie is weighing his options between trying to play for another team or retiring.

• TE Scott Simonson: The Giants released Simonson in February after he finished last season on injured reserve with a concussion. The door hasn’t been closed on a possible return for Simonson, who spent the past two seasons as a backup tight end for the Giants. He could be signed to a minimum contract to compete for a roster spot.
Restricted free agents
• FB Eli Penny: The Giants like Penny, who has spent the past two seasons as the team’s fullback and saw his role on special teams expand in 2019. But rather than offering him a tender, the Giants re-signed Penny to a two-year extension. Expect the value to fall between a minimum contract and the lowest RFA tender. That’s a good deal for both sides since Penny’s cap hit in 2020 will be less than if he received the lowest RFA tender, while he’ll get some guaranteed money, which wouldn’t have been the case with a tender.
• OL Jon Halapio: Gettleman thinks highly of Halapio and spoke with optimism that the center will be ready for training camp after tearing his Achilles in the season finale. That injury will make tendering Halapio unnecessary, since no team is going to make an aggressive offer for a journeyman coming off a major injury for the second consecutive year (broken ankle in 2018). The Giants can likely sign Halapio to a minimum contract and bring him to camp to compete for a roster spot.
• K Aldrick Rosas: Rosas has had a rollercoaster first three years of his career. He was a second-team All-Pro in 2018, but crashed last season, making 70.6 percent of his field goal attempts and 89.7 percent of his extra point attempts. Still, he’s a 25-year-old with rare natural ability. The Giants will tender Rosas, but which level is the big question. An original round tender would save about $1.2 million in 2020, but the Giants would get nothing in return if they don’t match an offer from another team since Rosas was undrafted. It’s highly unlikely that another team would part with a second-round pick to sign Rosas, so using that tender would ensure that he’ll remain with the Giants.
Exclusive rights free agents
• WR Amba Etta-Tawo: Etta-Tawo is the only ERFA the Giants haven’t acted on, which is likely related to his health status after he tore his Achilles during training camp last year. He will likely leave as a free agent once he can pass a physical.
• TE Isaiah Searight: Like with Simonson, the Giants released Searight in February after he finished last season on IR. Searight was an undrafted free agent who suffered a season-ending injury early in camp. He was then suspended for four games for PEDs while on IR, so it’s highly unlikely that he’ll be back with the Giants.
• OL Chad Slade: The Giants signed Slade to a one-year, $660,000 contract after the season. Slade, who was a healthy scratch for every game last season, will compete for a backup job on the offensive line.
• OL Eric Smith: The Giants signed Smith to a one-year, $660,000 contract after the season. Smith was the swing tackle last season and will again compete for that role.
• LB Devante Downs: The Giants signed Downs to a one-year, $660,000 contract after the season. Downs didn’t play a snap on defense last season but was a core special teamer after getting promoted from the Giants’ practice squad in Week 8. He’ll be in the mix for a similar role next season.
• CB Grant Haley: The Giants signed Haley to a one-year, $660,000 contract after the season. Haley has seen significant time as the Giants’ slot corner during the past two years, but he lost that job midway through last season. He’ll compete to reclaim that job this offseason.
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CM0102 - The Manageial Life of Anders Karlsson (So far...)

Career to date 2 league wins Hødd Norway First Division 01/02 Sp. Covilhã Portugues Second league B Central 03/04 1 cup win Norwegian Cup Hødd 01/02
Anders Karlsson never expected to be a football manager, he was content coaching the youths at his home town club IL Hødd. He'd joined straight out of University, with his sports science degree 2.1 and a determination to help young players reach the first team. When the first team coach walked away in late March 2002 he threw his name into the hat after losing a bet with the physio. The board decided an in-house hire would be best and Karlsson soon found himself manager. He immediately implemented his beloved 4141 formation with short passing, hard tackling and pressing all over the pitch. He bartered and traded extensively making swap deals, for every first team player sold he got at least one player along with the cash, building a team of other teams cast offs.
The plan worked and Hødd strode to league victory, promotion and a shock cup win over Brann. The next season in the Norwegian Premier league started off well, playing mostly the bottom half they got 5 wins and a draw from 6 games to sit top and the future was looking bright, then Odd Greenland sacked their manager and all the press said the job was Karlssons to lose, tempted by a better squad, money and a real chance at building a Norwegian powerhouse he applied and made the mistake of resigning from Hødd.
He didn't get the job!
Lost and now unemployed Karlsson soon found that his name was tarnished in Norway, no one would hire a manager with only one years experience and who had shown that he could be tempted by a larger offer. So he hired an agent to search for a job ams went on holiday, after a couple of months his agent called and said that they had got him a job at KVV Maasmechelen in Belgium lowest division, upon arrival he found a team with no players, no money and a board that wanted the world. He resigned the next day.
Sacking his agent and taking the search into his own hands he managed to get an interview at Portugese Second Division B Central team Sp. Covilhã. The board explained they had limited resources, but a reasonably strong first team. Karlsson took the job.
Installing the tactics and wheeling dealing attitude that had worked in his first season he barted and traded and made extensive youth signings the best being Dutch defensive midfielder Jan Hesp who at 17 played 23 games scoring 8 goals, 6 assists and 3 man of the match awards looks a steal.
The season ended with Karlssons second promotion as Sp. Covilhã won the league and gained promotion to the Portugese second league. They also managed to get to the 5th round of the Portuguese cup before being decimated by Porto.
The pre-season started badly losing their starting cb pair as well as their top and only striker to higher placed teams, luckily this gave Karlsson a £280k budget which he spend on 2 young but talented Portuguese cbs in Carlos Marques from Académica and Helder Rosario from Portsimonese, he also strengthened the midfield with 3 players joining spending £275k in total, he had also raided the free transfer market picking up a decent young Italian Capecchi but so Solomon Island International Commins Menapi. He also signed Joao Paiva on loan from Boavista.
The second season is not 8 games In and Karlssons team lead the 2nd division having started unbeaten. They go to 2nd placed Penafiel next. What will the future hold?
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Christopher Columbus Never Set Foot in America

Christopher Columbus Never Set Foot in America
October 12, 2014
from TabuBlog Website


https://preview.redd.it/cdmuri110ld41.jpg?width=450&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=56cfce8dd30bffedd77d2453b93542c8b99e401b

"For American Indians, Columbus Day is not a typical holiday. We don't celebrate 500 years of being dominated, exploited, enslaved and nearly exterminated by Europeans. But we do celebrate our survival.

It's all a lie.
History is being rewritten daily thanks to alternative media news sources bringing to light the mass propaganda of false history and disclosing truths hidden for decades and centuries.
My son's 3rd grade class was discussing Columbus in class this week. I pick him up each day to "deprogram" him from the public indoctrination system. When I asked him what he had learned about Mr. Columbus, he said that school taught that one of his ships had sunk off an island.
I said, "that's it?" and he said "yes".
I then looked at his homework and it included the Scholastic magazine which featured Columbus and sure enough, the article only said he had made it only to an island name Haiti. Over a dozen states no longer recognize Columbus Day, a creation of the Knights of Columbus back in 1934.
Even edgy Mainstream whorporate news is revising history now as truths become known as to the barbaric history of our country's "founding" when we genocided over 97% of the Indian population in conquest and brought millions of slaves across the Atlantic to work in the cotton and tobacco fields of the wealthy with names like Jefferson, Washington, Adams, etc.
This is 24/7 Wall St.'s list of the richest U.S. presidents:
George Washington, first president from 1789 to 1797 - Net worth: $525 million In office His Virginia plantation, Mount Vernon, consisted of five separate farms on 8,000 acres of prime farmland, run by more than 300 slaves. His wife, Martha Washington, inherited significant property from her father. Washington made well more than subsequent presidents: his salary was 2% of the total U.S. budget in 1789.
Thomas Jefferson, third president from 1801 to 1809 - Net worth: $212 million Jefferson was left 3,000 acres and several dozen slaves by his father. Monticello, his home on a 5,000-acre plantation in Virginia, was one of the architectural wonders of its time. He made considerable money in various political positions before becoming president, but was mired in debt towards the end of his life.
James Madison, fourth president from 1809 to 1817 - Net worth: $101 million Madison was the largest landowner in Orange County, Va. His land holding consisted of 5,000 acres and the Montpelier estate. He made significant wealth as Secretary of State and president. Madison lost money at the end of his life due to the steady financial collapse of his plantation.Additionally, all these men had slaves, even until death. In fact, Thomas Jefferson pledged his slaves as assets upon his death against the massive debt he had incurred. (source)
Now these richest of the new country land baron's of the time were really interested in freedom for all of We the People as they pushed natives into reservations on the worst land possible and took slaves willingly to run their business'?
When they were done with the "most important document in history", the U.S. Constitution, they gave rights to only 7% of the population; White, Male and Puritan land owners. It took 75 years later for minorities to even get the right to vote and 120 years for women and now corporations of the wealthy run this country.
The truth is the barbaric ways of old Europe just morphed into new overlords who broke away from the King and Church to form their own Kingdoms and used deception and fraud to sell it to the masses.
My country 'tis of thee…
VIDEO
The Hidden History of the Promised Land
Source
It may sound a little over the top but it's really no overstatement to say that much in our modern world is based on falsehood and fabrication.
We are told, for example, that Columbus 'discovered' America in 1492, yet there is plenty of evidence to suggest that others had visited America before Columbus:
including visitors from ancient Egypt, Phoenicia and medieval Europe.
Despite this modern authorities continue to push the line that "Columbus discovered America."
In point of fact Columbus himself never even set eyes upon America; the closest he got to the mainland of North America was Puerto Rico. However in the aftermath of Columbus's voyage John Cabot sailed from Bristol, England, which in turn opened the way for the first colony in Jamestown, Virginia and thus allowed the English to claim America as their own.
Yet there is considerable evidence that suggests that others from different cultures preceded Cabot and Columbus.
So one is forced to ask:
Why, when there is much to suggest that others from different cultures preceded Columbus, don't we hear more about this possibility being investigated? Could it be that certain powers have a vested interest in keeping our real history under wraps?
Whatever the answer the fact remains that a great deal has been unearthed which is completely at odds with conventional notions regarding the origins of what we know today as America.
In fact according to some contemporary authorities, the Native Americans encountered by the early settlers from England were not what they appeared to be.
They were indeed native to the Americas but they were not its original inhabitants, who according to various tribal legends, had disappeared eons before in a series of cataclysms.
Columbus Day? True Legacy - Cruelty and Slavery
Once again, it's time to celebrate Columbus Day. Yet, the stunning truth is: If Christopher Columbus were alive today, he would be put on trial for crimes against humanity.
Columbus' reign of terror, as documented by noted historians, was so bloody, his legacy so unspeakably cruel, that Columbus makes a modern villain like Saddam Hussein look like a pale codfish.
Question: Why do we honor a man who, if he were alive today, would almost certainly be sitting on Death Row awaiting execution?
If you'd like to know the true story about Christopher Columbus, please read on. But I warn you, it's not for the faint of heart.
Here's the basics. On the second Monday in October each year, we celebrate Columbus Day (this year, it's on October 11th). We teach our school kids a cute little song that goes: "In 1492, Columbus sailed the ocean blue." It's an American tradition, as American as pizza pie. Or is it? Surprisingly, the true story of Christopher Columbus has very little in common with the myth we all learned in school.
Columbus Day, as we know it in the United States, was invented by the Knights of Columbus, a Catholic fraternal service organization. Back in the 1930s, they were looking for a Catholic hero as a role-model their kids could look up to. In 1934, as a result of lobbying by the Knights of Columbus, Congress and President Franklin Roosevelt signed Columbus Day into law as a federal holiday to honor this courageous explorer.
Or so we thought...
There are several problems with this. First of all, Columbus wasn't the first European to discover America. As we all know, the Viking, Leif Ericson probably founded a Norse village on Newfoundland some 500 years earlier. So, hat's off to Leif.
But if you think about it, the whole concept of discovering America is, well, arrogant.
After all, the Native Americans discovered North America about 14,000 years before Columbus was even born! Surprisingly, DNA evidence now suggests that courageous Polynesian adventurers sailed dugout canoes across the Pacific and settled in South America long before the Vikings.
Second, Columbus wasn't a hero. When he set foot on that sandy beach in the Bahamas on October 12, 1492, Columbus discovered that the islands were inhabited by friendly, peaceful people called the Lucayans, Taínos and Arawaks. Writing in his diary, Columbus said they were a handsome, smart and kind people.
He noted that the gentle Arawaks were remarkable for their hospitality.
"They offered to share with anyone and when you ask for something, they never say no," he said.
The Arawaks had no weapons; their society had neither criminals, prisons nor prisoners. They were so kind-hearted that Columbus noted in his diary that on the day the Santa Maria was shipwrecked, the Arawaks labored for hours to save his crew and cargo.
The native people were so honest that not one thing was missing.
Columbus was so impressed with the hard work of these gentle islanders, that he immediately seized their land for Spain and enslaved them to work in his brutal gold mines. Within only two years, 125,000 (half of the population) of the original natives on the island were dead.
Shockingly, Columbus supervised the selling of native girls into sexual slavery. Young girls of the ages 9 to 10 were the most desired by his men. In 1500, Columbus casually wrote about it in his log.
He said:
"A hundred castellanoes are as easily obtained for a woman as for a farm, and it is very general and there are plenty of dealers who go about looking for girls; those from nine to ten are now in demand."
He forced these peaceful natives work in his gold mines until they died of exhaustion.
If an "Indian" worker did not deliver his full quota of gold dust by Columbus' deadline, soldiers would cut off the man's hands and tie them around his neck to send a message. Slavery was so intolerable for these sweet, gentle island people that at one point, 100 of them committed mass suicide.
Catholic law forbade the enslavement of Christians, but Columbus solved this problem. He simply refused to baptize the native people of Hispaniola.
On his second trip to the New World, Columbus brought cannons and attack dogs. If a native resisted slavery, he would cut off a nose or an ear. If slaves tried to escape, Columbus had them burned alive. Other times, he sent attack dogs to hunt them down, and the dogs would tear off the arms and legs of the screaming natives while they were still alive.
If the Spaniards ran short of meat to feed the dogs, Arawak babies were killed for dog food.
Columbus' acts of cruelty were so unspeakable and so legendary - even in his own day - that Governor Francisco De Bobadilla arrested Columbus and his two brothers, slapped them into chains, and shipped them off to Spain to answer for their crimes against the Arawaks.
But the King and Queen of Spain, their treasury filling up with gold, pardoned Columbus and let him go free.
Christopher Columbus' Crimes Against Humanity
Source
To be sure, the real annihilations did not start until the beginning of Columbus' second voyage to the Americas in 1493 (1).
For while he had expressed admiration for the overall generosity of Indigenous People and considered the Tainos to be "Very handsome, gentle, and friendly," he interpreted all these positive traits as signs of weakness and vulnerability, saying,
"if devout religious persons knew the Indian Language well, all these people would soon become Christians."
As a consequence, he kidnapped some of the Tainos and took them back to Spain.
On his second voyage, in December 1494, Columbus captured 1,500 Tainos on the island of Hispaniola and herded them to Isabela, where 550 of "the best males and females" were forced aboard ships bound for the slave markets of Seville.
Under Columbus's leadership, the Spanish attacked the Taino, sparing neither men, women nor children. Warfare, forced labor, starvation and disease reduced Hispaniola's Taino population (estimated at one million to two million in 1492) to extinction within 30 years.
Furthermore, Columbus wrote a letter to the Spanish governor of the island, Hispaniola, Columbus asked the governor the cut off the ears and the noses of any of the slaves who resisted being subjugated to slavery.
…It is estimated that 100 million Indians from the Caribbean, Central, South, and North America perished at the hands of the European invaders. Sadly, unbelievably, really, much of that wholesale destruction was sanctioned and carried out by the Roman Catholic Church and various Protestant denominations. (1: p.37)
One of Columbus' men, Bartolome De Las Casas, was so mortified by Columbus' brutal atrocities against the native peoples, that he quit working for Columbus and became a Catholic priest.
He described how the Spaniards under Columbus' command cut off the legs of children who ran from them, to test the sharpness of their blades.
According to De Las Casas, the men made bets as to who, with one sweep of his sword, could cut a person in half. He says that Columbus' men poured people full of boiling soap.
In a single day, De Las Casas was an eye witness as the Spanish soldiers dismembered, beheaded, or raped 3000 native people.
"Such inhumanities and barbarisms were committed in my sight as no age can parallel," De Las Casas wrote. "My eyes have seen these acts so foreign to human nature that now I tremble as I write."
De Las Casas spent the rest of his life trying to protect the helpless native people.
But after a while, there were no more natives to protect. Experts generally agree that before 1492, the population on the island of Hispaniola probably numbered above 3 million. Within 20 years of Spanish arrival, it was reduced to only 60,000.
Within 50 years, not a single original native inhabitant could be found.
IN 1492
Columbus Day Poem Taught to U.S. School Children

In fourteen hundred ninety-twoColumbus sailed the ocean blue.
He had three ships and left from Spain;He sailed through sunshine, wind and rain.
He sailed by night; he sailed by day;He used the stars to find his way.
A compass also helped him knowHow to find the way to go.
Ninety sailors were on board; Some men worked while others snored.
Then the workers went to sleep;And others watched the ocean deep.
Day after day they looked for land;They dreamed of trees and rocks and sand.
October 12 their dream came true,You never saw a happier crew !
"Indians! Indians!" Columbus cried;His heart was filled with joyful pride
But "India" the land was not;It was the Bahamas, and it was hot .
The Arakawa natives were very nice;They gave the sailors food and spice.
Columbus sailed on to find some goldTo bring back home, as he'd been told.
He made the trip again and again,Trading gold to bring to Spain.
The first American? No, not quite.But Columbus was brave, and he was bright.

Conventional History

Columbus Day first became an official state holiday in Colorado in 1906, and became a federal holiday in the United States in 1937, though people have celebrated Columbus' voyage since the colonial period.
In 1792, New York City and other U.S. cities celebrated the 300th anniversary of his landing in the New World.
President Benjamin Harrison called upon the people of the United States to celebrate Columbus Day on the 400th anniversary of the event. During the four hundredth anniversary in 1892, teachers, preachers, poets and politicians used Columbus Day rituals to teach ideals of patriotism. These patriotic rituals were framed around themes such as support for war, citizenship boundaries, the importance of loyalty to the nation, and celebrating social progress.
Catholic immigration in the mid-19th century induced discrimination from anti-immigrant activists.
Like many other immigrant communities, Catholics developed organizations to fight discrimination and provide insurance for the struggling immigrants. One such organization, the Knights of Columbus, chose that name in part because it saw Christopher Columbus as a fitting symbol of Catholic immigrants' right to citizenship: one of their own, a fellow Catholic, had discovered America.
Many Italian-Americans observe Columbus Day as a celebration of their heritage, the first occasion being in New York City on October 12, 1866.
Columbus Day was first popularized as a holiday in the United States through the lobbying of Angelo Noce, a first generation Italian, in Denver. The first official, regular Columbus Day holiday was proclaimed by Colorado governor Jesse F. McDonald in 1905 and made a statutory holiday in 1907.
In April 1934, as a result of lobbying by the Knights of Columbus, Congress and President Franklin Delano Roosevelt made October 12 a federal holiday under the name Columbus Day.
A Significant movement is spreading to rename this day 'Indigenous People's Day'. It could/would begin the healing to right the wrongs done to so many by the Conquistador's of white European Man, of which most are of our ancestral heritages.Petition here
Indigenous Natives lived with the land, air and waterways for thousands and thousands of years and never thought to own or despoil their Mother's and Father's who gave Life to all.
Today, we are losing 200 species a day, globally, many waterways in the U.S., like the Navarro River where I live, no longer have salmon and trout come up the river or like the halibut, snapper, rock fish, salmon, etc. that are fished out along the West Coast.
What a huge step it would be for this country if we could begin to ask forgiveness, make reparations and put these proud Natives in places of leadership to teach us how to be good stewards and hold deep reverence and respect for Nature so that she may heal and provide for the next seven generations to come.
RECONSIDER COLUMBUS DAY AD
Columbus Day, a day that our government has deemed worthy of remembrance.
But with all due respect - with all due respect - with all due respect, there's an ugly truth that has been overlooked for way too long. Columbus committed heinous crimes against the indigenous peoples of the Caribbean and millions of natives throughout the Americas.
And Columbus set the stage for the slave trade in the New World. So, please, please reconsider if this is a man you want to honor. Reconsider if you want to celebrate the crimes of Columbus. It's not your fault; it happened a long time ago.
But remaining neutral and pretending like it didn't happen, or that it doesn't still impact us today?
So, please, take the day to learn the whole story: VIDEO

Righting the Great Wrong - Happy 'Native Indigenous People's Day'
Source
For christsakes, the guy C.C. thought he was in INDIA or so the story goes!
He then found the indigenous people so giving, he went back to get 14 more galleon ships to steal, pillage, rape and conquer the peaceful people throughout the Caribbean, South and North America's. For an excellent overview of the plight of the 'loser's' to American hegemony over the centuries read Howard Zinn's A People's History of The United States, as told by those that suffered at the hands of the invaders.)
As the nation commemorates the arrival of Christopher Columbus to the so-called "New World" in 1492, indigenous activists at Fort Lewis College in Durango, Colorado, are pushing for schools to teach the "real history of the Americas" and to celebrate indigenous culture.
"Columbus Day" has long evoked sadness and anger amongst people of color, especially Native Americans, who object to honoring a man who opened the door to European colonization, the exploitation of native peoples, and the slave trade.
We're joined by three guests involved with the "Real History of the Americas" day:
Esther Belin, a writing instructor at Fort Lewis College and a member of the Navajo Nation Shirena Trujillo Long, coordinator of El Centro de Muchos Colores at Fort Lewis College and chair of the the Real History of the Americas Committee student activist Noel Altaha, a member of the White Mountain Apache Tribe and Fort Lewis College senior

"We may fairly agree that the subject of history, as commonly taught, is one of the most boring of all subjects. However, the study of how the subject of history has been manipulated is surely one of the most interesting of all subjects." - Michael Tsarion "Astrotheology and Sidereal Mythology"

"The official story that Christopher Columbus discovered the Americas is ludicrous.
A few miles from Edinburgh in Scotland today still stands Rosslyn Chapel, that holy grail of the Brotherhood Elite. It was built in the shape of a Templar cross by the St Clair-Sinclair family and is a mass of esoteric symbolism.
The foundations were laid in 1446 and it was completed in the 1480s. How remarkable then that the stonework at Rosslyn includes depictions of sweetcorn and cacti which were only found in America and Christopher Columbus did not 'discover' that continent until 1492! How could this be? There is, in fact, no mystery. Christopher Columbus was not even nearly the first white person to land in the Americas.
The Phoenicians, Norse, Irish, Welsh, Bretons, Basques and Portuguese, all sailed to America before him and so did Prince Henry Sinclair of Rosslyn, as documented in a rare book by Frederick I. Pohl called Prince Henry Sinclair's Voyage To The New World 1398.
Sinclair made the journey with another Brotherhood bloodline, the Zeno family, one of the most prominent Black Nobility families in Venice. Sinclair and Antonio Zeno landed in what we call Newfoundland and went ashore in Nova Scotia (New Scotland) in 1398…
The Brotherhood had known about the Americas for thousands of years and Christopher Columbus was used to make the official discovery so that the occupation of the Americas could begin." David Icke, "The Biggest Secret" 178-9
Columbus' supporters were European royalty and the Templars.
His father-in-law was a former Templar Knight and Catherine de Medici of the Illuminati bloodline (along with others) financed his voyage. Columbus' three ships sailed under the Templars Red Cross flag, used today by the Red Cross and Switzerland.
The royals also sent out fleets of conquistadors and swash-buckling pirates flying the Skull and Bones flag - their orders to rape, kill, and pillage all they could from the New World.
"The Skull and Bones cross used by the secret society comes from the pirate skull and cross bones.
They weren't just a bunch of swashbucklers like you've seen in the movies. No, these were agents sent onto the high seas by the British royal family to colonize the Americas." Michael Tsarion "The Subversive Use of Sacred Symbolism in the Media" Lecture, Conspiracy Con 2003
A Little Matter of Genocide - Ward Churchill
Source
During the four centuries spanning the time between 1492, when Christopher Columbus first set foot on the 'New World' of a Caribbean beach and 1892, when the US Census Bureau concluded that there were fewer than a quarter-million indigenous people surviving within the country's boundaries, a hemispheric population estimated to have been as great as 125 million was reduced by something over 90 percent.
The people had died in their millions of being hacked apart with axes and swords, buried alive and trampled under horses, hunted as game and fed to dogs, shot, beaten, stabbed, scalped for bounty, hanged on meat-hooks and thrown over the sides of ships at sea, worked to death as slave laborers, intentionally starved and frozen to death during a multitude of forced marches and internments, and, in an unknown number of instances, deliberately infected with epidemic diseases. (p. 1)
Later in the book he gives a staggering estimate of the total who were 'ethnically cleansed':
'All told, it is probable that more than one hundred million native people were 'eliminated' in the course of Europe's ongoing 'civilization' of the western hemisphere.' (p. 86)
Although Ward Churchill has not written fully on the genocide against the Palestinians, he does place it within the global context of the present book, A Little Matter of Genocide, a book which leapt out at me from a display of books by and about native Americans in City Lights Book Store.
The author is an enrolled Keetoowah Cherokee and Professor of American Indian Studies in the Department of Ethnic Studies at the University of Colorado at Boulder and has been a leader of the Colorado Chapter of the American Indian Movement since 1972.
The title of the book is taken from a statement by Russell Means, founder of the American Indian Movement, who spoke of 'a little matter of genocide right here at home,' by which he meant the ongoing genocide against the American Indians which is still in progress.
A Little Matter of Genocide
The U.S. Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA) Comes Clean 185 years later
Source
"Immediately upon its establishment in 1824, the Office of Indian Affairs was an instrument by which the United States enforced its ambition against the Indian nations. As the nation expanded West, the agency participated in the ethnic cleansing that befell the western tribes.
War begets tragedy, but the deliberate spread of disease, the decimation of the bison herds, the use of alcohol to destroy mind and body, and the cowardly killing of women and children made for tragedy on a scale so ghastly that it cannot be dismissed as merely the inevitable consequence of the clash of competing ways of life.
After the devastation of tribal economies, the BIA set out to destroy all things Indian by forbidding the speaking of Indian languages, prohibiting traditional religious activities, outlawing traditional government, and making Indians ashamed of who they were.
Worst of all, the BIA committed these acts against the children entrusted to its boarding schools.
The trauma of shame, fear, and anger has passed from one generation to the next, and manifests itself in the rampant alcoholism, drug abuse, and domestic violence that plague Indian country.
The BIA expresses its profound sorrow for these wrongs, extends this formal apology to Indian people for its historical conduct, and makes promises for its future conduct."
More at "A Little Matter of Genocide - Holocaust and Denial in the Americas 1492 to the Present".
The Canary Effect
The Canary Effect is a 2006 documentary that looks into the effects of that the United States and its policies have on the Indigenous peoples (Native Americans) who are residents.
It premiered at the Tribeca Film Festival and won the Stanley Kubrick Award at the 2006 Traverse City Film Festival (Michael Moore hosts).
The movie was directed by Robin Davey and Yellow Thunder Woman, who are both members of LA Based alternative pop group The Bastard Fairies.
Delving deeply into the often misunderstood and frequently over looked historic realities of the American Indian, The Canary Effect follows the terrifying and horrific abuses instilled upon the Indigenous people of North America, and details the genocidal practices of the US government and its continuing affects on present day Indian country.
Featuring interviews with the leading scholars and experts on Indian issues including controversial author Ward Churchill, the film brings together the past and present in a way never before captured so eloquently and boldly on film.
VIDEO

The U.S. Government Native Indian Re-education Program
Source

African American slavery, Indigenous People's genocide, Japanese Interment in WWII, Chinese banashment, Women Suffrage and now we turn on those humans of Muslim faith to dominate and eradicate.

DENNIS BANKS: I was in the boarding schools when punishment was very severe if you ran away.
This was during the early '40s. I was taken to a boarding school when I was four years old, and taken away from my mother and my father, my grandparents, who I stayed with most of the time, and just abruptly taken away and then put into the boarding school, 300 miles away from our home.
And, you know, the beatings began immediately, the - almost the de-Indianizing program. It was a terrible experience that the American government was experimenting with. And that was trying to destroy the culture and the person, destroy the Indian-ness in him and save the human being, save the - kill an Indian, save the man.
That was, you know, the description of what this policy is about, about trying to -
AMY GOODMAN: Now, the government ran the schools?
DENNIS BANKS: The U.S. government paid - of course, they ran a lot of the schools themselves, but they also delegated a lot of it to the Christians, Christian communities.
The Catholics had some. The Episcopalians had some. The Lutherans had some. Methodists had some. And so, it was like a complicit - there was complicity between the churches and the state in taking care of Indian problem, solving the Indian problem, and trying to change who we were.
AMY GOODMAN: Dennis, where had - where had you lived? Where had you lived, and where were you brought to school?
DENNIS BANKS: I lived on the federal - or, on the Leech Lake Indian Reservation, where I was born, in northern Minnesota. And I was taken to a boarding school 300 miles away to the south, southernmost part of Minnesota, the southwestern part, called Pipestone Indian School. I stayed there three years - six years -
AMY GOODMAN: And how -
DENNIS BANKS: Go ahead.
AMY GOODMAN: How did you communicate with your family? And how often did you get to see them? Did you get to talk to them?
DENNIS BANKS: Never. Never.
You know, they cut off all communication with your parents, and a lot of letters, which I found later in - I stayed there for six years without communicating to - with my parents at all. And finally, they let us go home for six years. Of course, we couldn't speak the language. We could speak only English and - what these young people were talking about.
But there was severe punishment for running away from that kind of system. I ran away. I kept running away. Almost once a week, I'd run away from those schools. They'd catch me. They'd bring me back to the school, beat me. And it was - it was terrible.
I mean, there was other kinds of punishment that we went through, as well. And it was - now that, it was a - that kind of experience, I still remember what it is like today. And I have a friend who has been - who had been my friend for over 70 years now, and we remember those days.
There were - we stuck together. A lot of people stuck together. Just being together, that's what saved a lot of us from terrible consequences of speaking. But eventually, they - you know, they kept beating me down, and I kept - so I started learning English, and I started learning who the presidents were. I started learning all that stuff.
And then they let me go home for 30 days. Six years. And I asked my mother, I said, "Why didn't you write to me?" And she - you know, and she says, "I did." But I never - I never questioned beyond that. And then there was - they sent me to another boarding school in North Dakota, another 200 miles away. I was there for three years.
And then, after that, same thing: no - only English, you know, corporal punishment. And then I went home for another 30 days, asked my mother, "Why is it you didn't write to me again?" She says, "I did, and I did."
Then they sent me to another boarding school in South Dakota further away, so another 400 miles. I kept running away from these schools. And I finally ran away from the last one, and I finally made it home.
And it wasn't 'til almost just three years ago when my daughter was - they were doing a documentary on Dennis Banks, and they found - they went to - in the federal depository records in Kansas City.
And she called me, and she says, "Dad, we found" - "Dad," she said, "we found your - we found your school records." And I said, "Bring them back." So she brought them back, and I started looking at them. And she says, "Dad, we also found something else."
She handed me a shoebox. And I opened up the shoebox, and those were letters, letters from my mother. And I started opening them up, and I started reading them.
And in the second one, there was a letter to the superintendent of the school that said,
"Here is $5. Please send my children - my son back home to me."


"Make no mistake, we will close Guantanamo prison, which has damaged our national security interests and become a tremendous recruiting tool for al-Qaeda" President Barack Obama

Not much has changed since 1492...!
submitted by CuteBananaMuffin to conspiracy [link] [comments]

How Betting Odds Work - Odds Types Explained How to Read Sports Betting Odds: American, Fractional, and Decimal Odds Laying Betting, Backing and Decimal Odds EXPLAINED (2018): Decimal Odds Explained and How to Calculate Decimal Odds, Wager Price. Betting strategy - How to always win at betting in the long run

There are two steps to convert decimal odds into a fraction. Step 1) Convert decimals odds into a fraction by subtracting 1, and using 1 as the denominator. Example: 3.40 – 1 = 2.40. This creates the decimal odds of 2.40/1. While this is a perfectly good fraction, bookmakers never use numbers with decimal points in fractionals. Negative american odds - Negative 100 divided by (the decimal odds minus one) e.g. a decimal value of 1.2 = -100 / (1.2 - 1) = -500. Also See Betting Calculator - Enter your odds and stake to calculate bet returns for all types of sport wager. For example, when you use an odds converter to convert decimal 1.33 you get 1/3 fractional and -300 american but if you convert 1/3 to american you might see -303.03. While this conversion to -303.03 is actually correct, some bookies tend to refer to -300 when meaning the fractional 1/3 because it's easier for the punter to remember, while The purpose of sports betting odds. In decimal odds, odds-on selections will be expressed as values between 1.0 and 2.0 . First bet must be placed on any market - Minimum stake £10 at odds of 1/2 (1.5) - Free bets credited upon qualifying bet settlement and expire after 7 days - Free bet stakes not included in returns - Deposit balance Odds Conversion Guide. To convert decimal odds to fractional, subtract 1.00 and then find the nearest whole integers (so 3.75 - 1.00 becomes 2.75/1, or 11/4).. To convert moneyline odds to decimal, if the moneyline is positive, divide by 100 and add 1.If it is negative, divide 100 by the moneyline amount (without the minus sign) and add 1. To convert fractional odds to decimal, divide the

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How Betting Odds Work - Odds Types Explained

An example of Decimal Odds is the Toronto Raptors are 36.00 to win the 2016-2017 NBA Championship. This means if you were to bet $1 you would win a total of $36, which includes your $1 bet. The three main types of odds formats you see in sportsbooks and understanding the pros and cons of each. Also, why I prefer decimal odds to the other two common types. #staylucky _____ Follow Me ... Decimal odds explained and how to calculate decimal odds every bettor can find example in this video. Decimal odds is very popular among bettors in sports betting and this kind of odds is ... Lay betting confuses many people, it really shouldn't though. Here's a quick but effective video explaining how lay betting works and why decimal odds are important to you, the user. Fractional Odds and Decimal Odds Explained. How to convert odds from fractional to decimal. Visit the home of matched betting at https://matchedbox.co.uk/ for more information.